Shear bond strength and interface analysis between a resin composite and a recent high-viscous glass ionomer cement bonded with various adhesive systems

  • Philippe Francois
  • Elsa Vennat
  • Stéphane Le Goff
  • Nathalie Ruscassier
  • Jean-Pierre Attal
  • Elisabeth DursunEmail author
Original Article



This study investigated the shear bond strength (SBS) and interface between a resin composite and a new high-viscous glass ionomer cement (HV-GIC), a HV-GIC, a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RM-GIC), a bulk-fill flowable composite, and a regular flowable composite bonded with various adhesive systems.

Methods and materials

A resin composite (Filtek Z350) was bonded to a new HV-GIC (EQUIA Forte Fil) using various adhesive systems, including a universal adhesive in self-etch and etch-and-rinse mode (Scotchbond Universal), a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (Scotchbond 1-XT), a one-step self-etch adhesive (Optibond All-in-one) tested also after silane application (Monobond Plus), and a coating material (EQUIA Forte Coat). The resin composite was also bonded to a HV-GIC (Fuji IX GP), a RM-GIC (Fuji II LC), a bulk-fill flowable composite (SDR), and a regular flowable composite (Tetric Evo Flow) with the universal adhesive in self-etch mode (Scotchbond Universal). Two-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s post hoc test was used to investigate the difference in SBS. Failures were analyzed by chi-square test. Bonding interfaces were examined by environmental scanning electron microscopy (E-SEM).


SBS to EQUIA Forte Fil was significantly lower with Scotchbond 1-XT than with all other adhesive systems. By using Scotchbond Universal with the self-etch technique, the SBS to EQUIA Forte Fil was significantly higher than the SBS to Fuji IX GP and significantly lower than the SBS to Fuji II LC, SDR, and Tetric Evo Flow. E-SEM images showed an intimate contact at all interfaces examined.


EQUIA Forte Fil showed satisfactory SBS and interfaces with all adhesives tested.

Clinical relevance

Bonding between the resin composite and HV-GIC can be achieved using a universal adhesive in self-etch mode, an easy-to-use adhesive system.


High-viscous glass ionomer cement Universal adhesive Sandwich technique Proximal box elevation Shear bond strength Environmental scanning electron microscopy 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

Not applicable.

Informed consent

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Dental Surgery, Dental Materials Research Unit (URB2I)Paris Descartes UniversityMontrougeFrance
  2. 2.Bretonneau Hospital75018 ParisFrance
  3. 3.CentraleSupélecUniversité Paris-Saclay, FranceGif sur YvetteFrance
  4. 4.Charles Foix Hospital94200 Ivry-sur-SeineFrance
  5. 5.Albert Chenevier Hospital94000 CréteilFrance

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