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Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 1067–1075 | Cite as

Screw-retained monolithic zirconia vs. cemented porcelain-fused-to-metal implant crowns: a prospective randomized clinical trial in split-mouth design

  • Paul WeiglEmail author
  • Kristina Saarepera
  • Kristina Hinrikus
  • Yanyun Wu
  • Georgia Trimpou
  • Jonas Lorenz
Original Article
  • 212 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives

The objective of the present study was to compare the clinical performance of screw-retained, monolithic, zirconia, and cemented porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) implant crowns.

Materials and methods

In a prospective, randomized, clinical, split-mouth trial, 22 patients’ bilateral premolar or molar single-gap were restored with either screw-retained (test group) or cemented supraconstruction (control group). Clinical parameters, soft-tissue health, crestal bone-level changes, technical complications, and patient’s subjective feelings were recorded during a follow-up period of 12 months.

Results

No implant was lost during the follow-up period. Of the crowns, 4.5% (test) and 9.1% (control) showed bleeding on probing (P = 1.000), and plaque was visible in 13.6% (test) and 27.3% (control) of the crowns (P = 0.240). Changes in bone crest level seemed to have no correlation with the restoration method (P = 0.77/0.79). Technical failures were observed in three restorations of the test and four of the control group. Evaluation of patients’ satisfaction revealed high acceptance regarding fit, esthetics, and chewing effectiveness in both groups.

Conclusion

Over a 12-month follow-up, screw-retained and cemented crowns could show comparable clinical and radiological results regarding soft tissue health, marginal bone level, and patient satisfaction. Duration of treatment alone was significantly shorter in screw-retained crowns.

Clinical relevance

Prosthetic retention methods are related with the occurrence of complications, such as peri-implantitis. However, scientific valuable data that proof superiority of a specific retention technique are rare. In single-gap implants, screw retention and cementation seemed to achieved comparable results.

Keywords

Single-tooth implants Dental restoration Treatment outcome Cementation Screw-retaining Peri-implantitis 

Notes

Funding

The study was performed without funding from external resources.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in the present study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Ethical Committee of Tartu University, Estonia (Protocol No. 234/T-5) and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Prosthodontics, School of DentistryJohann-Wolfgang Goethe UniversityFrankfurt/MainGermany

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