The impact of using a pneumatic contra-angle device on the lifespan of M-Wire- and Blue-treated instruments
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To evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc M-Wire R25 (VDW, Munich, Germany) and Reciproc R25 Blue instruments (VDW) driven by Direct® (VDW) contra-angle connected to an ordinary an air-driven motor or an electric motor and compare the results with those obtained by the Reciproc M-Wire R25 or Reciproc Blue R25 instruments driven by an electric torque-controlled motor using “RECIPROC ALL” preset program.
Materials and methods
Thirty Reciproc M-Wire R25 (25/0.08v) and 30 Reciproc Blue R25 (25/0.08v) instruments were used. Cyclic fatigue resistance was tested measuring the time to fracture and the number of cycles to fracture in an artificial stainless-steel canal with a 60° angle and a 5-mm radius of curvature. The Reciproc M-Wire and Reciproc Blue instruments were activated with a 6:1 reduction handpiece powered by a torque-controlled motor using “RECIPROC ALL” preset program, with Reciproc Direct® contra-angle powered by an ordinary air-driven motor or with Direct® contra-angle powered by an electric motor (n = 10). The fracture surface of all fragments was examined with a scanning electron microscope. The results were statistically analyzed using Student’s t test and one-way ANOVA at a significance level of P < 0.05.
Cyclic fatigue life and number of cycles to fracture were significantly higher for Reciproc Blue instruments than for Reciproc M-Wire instruments regardless of the activation mode (P < 0.05). Instruments driven by Direct® contra-angle powered by an electric or by an ordinary air-driven motor revealed significantly longer cyclic fatigue life and number of cycles to fracture than instruments driven by an electric torque-controlled motor using “RECIPROC ALL” preset program (P < 0.05).
Reciproc Blue instruments showed improved performance regarding fatigue resistance when compared to Reciproc M-Wire instruments. Instruments driven by Reciproc Direct® contra-angle showed higher cyclic fatigue life and number of cycles to fracture than instruments driven by an electric torque-controlled motor.
Recently, Reciproc Direct®, the world’s first contra-angle handpiece with integrated reciprocating motion, has been launched in endodontic market. The present study showed improved cyclic fatigue life of endodontic instruments when activated by Reciproc Direct®.
KeywordsCyclic fatigue Reciprocating instruments Reciproc Reciproc direct
This study was partially funded by FAPERJ and CNPq.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
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