Accreditation and Quality Assurance

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 297–302 | Cite as

Application of post-column reaction GC for accurate and direct determination of musty odor substances in standard solution

  • Yuko KitamakiEmail author
  • Naoki Saito
  • Masahiko Numata
  • Toshihide Ihara
Practitioner's Report


By using post-column reaction GC, a method for accurate and direct characterization of musty odor substances (2-methylisoborneol and geosmin) in a candidate standard solution has been developed. Because the GC system gives a response depending on the number of carbon atoms constituting the organic compound by combustion and conversion to methane, naphthalene and diethyl phthalate, purity of which had been accurately assessed, were used as reference materials for calibration. To verify the method, concentrations of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin in the sample determined by the method were compared with the concentrations calculated based on gravimetric mixing that is one of the general methods for the characterization of the organic standard solutions. The analytical results of each analyte obtained by the two methods agreed within a deviation of about 0.5 % or less.


Post-column reaction GC Musty odor substance SI traceable Quality control 

Supplementary material

769_2018_1338_MOESM1_ESM.docx (78 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 78 kb)


  1. 1.
    International Organization for Standardization (2006) ISO guide 35: reference materials-general and statistical principles for certification. ISO Publication, GeneveGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shimizu Y, Ohte Y, Bao X, Otsuka S, Kitamaki Y, Ishikawa K, Ihara T, Kato K (2008) Accred Qual Assur 13:389–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ishikawa K, Hanari N, Shimizu Y, Ihara T, Nomura A, Numata M, Yarita T, Kato K, Chiba K (2011) Accred Qual Assur 16:311–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Takatsu A, Eyama S, Saeki M (2008) Accred Qual Assur 13:409–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saito T, Ihara T, Koike M, Kinugasa S, Fujimine Y, Nose K, Hirai T (2009) Accred Qual Assur 14:79–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D’Amelia RP, Huang L, Nirode WF, Rotman E, Shumila J, Wachter NM (2015) J Chem Educ 3(2):46–50Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guimarães EF, Vieira AA, Rego ECP, Garrido BC, Rodrigues JM, Figueroa-Villar JD (2015) Metrologia 52(4):15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kitamaki Y, Saito N, Yamazaki T, Otsuka S, Nakamura S, Nishizaki Y, Sugimoto N, Numata M, Ihara T (2017) Anal Chem 89:6963–6968CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Watanabe T, Kato K, Matsumoto N, Maeda T (2007) Talanta 72:1655–1658CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Watanabe T, Kato K, Tsunoda K, Maeda T (2008) Anal Chim Acta 619:26–29CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Izaguirre G, Hwang CJ, Krasner SW, Mcguire MJ (1982) Appl Environ Microbiol 43(3):708–714PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cortada C, Vidal L, Canals A (2011) J Chromatogr A 1218:17–22CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ruan ED, Aalhus JL, Summerfelt ST, Davidson J, Swift B, Juárez M (2013) J Chromatogr A 1321:133–136CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chen X, Luo Q, Yuan S, Wei Z, Song H, Wang D, Wang Z (2013) J Environ Sci 25(11):2313–2323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wu D, Duirk SE (2013) Chemosphere 91:1495–1501CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, 4. Water quality. Accessed 5 Dec 2017
  17. 17.
    International Organization for Standardization (2008) ISO guide 98-3: uncertainty of measurement-Part 3: guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM: 1995). ISO Publication, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Meija J, Coplen TB, Berglund M, Brand WA, Bièvre PD, Gröning M, Holden NE, Irrgeher J, Loss RD, Walczyk T, Prohaska T (2016) Pure Appl Chem 88(3):265–291Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Metrology Institute of JapanNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and TechnologyTsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations