Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp 771–777 | Cite as

Association of menstruation cycle with completed suicide: a hospital-based case-control study

  • Chittaranjan Behera
  • Asit Kumar SikaryEmail author
  • Asit Ranjan Mridha
  • Ravindra M. Pandey
  • Sujata Satapathy
  • Sanjeev Lalwani
  • Sudhir Gupta
Original Article


The purpose of the study was to determine the phases of the menstrual cycle in the reproductive age group of females who committed suicide as compared with a control group of females who died from causes other than suicide. The study included 86 cases in the suicidal group and 80 cases in the non-suicidal group. The menstrual phase was decided by the gross and histological examination of the uterus and ovary at autopsy. Deaths were more common during the secretory phase (56.9%) in the suicidal group, while in the non-suicidal group, death occurred more commonly in the proliferative phase (66.3%). In reference to proliferative phase, deaths were more in the secretory phase and menstrual phase in the suicidal group, adjusted odd’s ratio (OR) being 3.7 (p = 0.042) and 4.7 (p = 0.032), respectively. Corpus luteum was present in the right ovary of 43 and 14 victims of suicidal and non-suicidal deaths, respectively, while it was in the left ovary of 3 and 11 victims of suicidal and non-suicidal death, respectively. Odd’s ratio was 10.3 for corpus luteum to be in the right ovary in comparison with the left ovary for the suicidal group (p = 0.001). This study revealed that suicidal chances in a woman are significantly more in the menstrual phase and the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. The presence of corpus luteum in the right ovary is associated with an increased risk of suicide, but the reason is not known.


Completed suicide Corpus luteum Histopathology Menstrual cycle phase Psychosocial status 



We acknowledge Mr. Vivek Saini, laboratory technician of the department of Forensic Medicine, AIIMS for preparing the histopathology slides of the subjects.

Funding agency

The study was an intramural project, and the fund was granted by research section of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

Requisite ethical clearance was taken from the Institutional Ethical Committee.

Informed consent

Consent taken from each participants as per ethical guidelines.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forensic MedicineAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Forensic MedicineESIC Medical CollegeFaridabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of PathologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiostatisticsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.Department of Forensic MedicineAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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