Clinical and psychometric features of psychiatric patients after a suicide attempt in relation with menstrual cycle phases
- 72 Downloads
There is evidence that frequency of suicide attempts of fertile women is related to the menstrual cycle phases, while the influence of hormonal and psychiatric features has been hypothesized. This study aims to explore the distribution and possible differences in clinical characteristics of women who attempted suicide in relation to menstrual cycle. Seventy fertile female psychiatric patients, hospitalized in psychiatric department after a suicide attempt, were studied. Depression was assessed using Beck Depression Inventory, suicide intent with the Suicide Intent Scale, and aggression using the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire. A profile of psychopathology was obtained by using Symptom Check List SCL-90-R. Attempts were more frequent during the last 4 days of luteal phase and during the 4 days of menses, with 59% of attempts to occur during these 8 days. Patterns of number of attempts and cycle phase were similar for subgroups regarding diagnosis, violent/non-violent mode of suicide attempt, and one or repeated attempts. Although attempts were unequally distributed during the cycle, none of the psychiatric features assessed in the present study were related to the higher frequency of attempts during premenstrual/menstrual days, indicating the need to include additional aspects of suicidal behavior in future studies.
KeywordsSuicide attempt Menstrual cycle Depression Suicide intent Aggression Violence
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Baca-Garcia E, Diaz-Sastre C, Ceverino A, Perez-Rodriguez MM, Navarro-Jimenez R, Lopez-Castroman J, Saiz-Ruiz J, Leon J, Oquendo MA (2010) Suicide attempts among women during low estradiol/low progesterone states. J Psychiatr Res 44:209–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.08.004 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Beck AT, Schuyler D, Herman I (1974) Development of suicidal intent scales. Charles Press PublishersGoogle Scholar
- Bernal M, Haro JM, Bernert S, Brugha T, de Graaf R, Bruffaerts R, Lépine JP, de Girolamo G, Vilagut G, Gasquet I, Torres JV, Kovess V, Heider D, Neeleman J, Kessler R, Alonso J, ESEMED/MHEDEA Investigators (2007) Risk factors for suicidality in Europe: results from the ESEMED study. J Affect Disord 101:27–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2006.09.018 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Derogatis L (1977) SCL-90-R: administration, scoring and procedures manual-I for the R (evised) version. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Baltimore/MDGoogle Scholar
- Wasserman D (2016) Suicide: an unnecessary death. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
- WHO (2017) Suicide data. http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/en/. Accessed 15-02-2018
- Zengin Y et al (2015) The relationship between suicide attempts and menstrual cycles in the emergency department and the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of these patients. J Acad Emerg Med 14:118Google Scholar