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Posttraumatic stress disorder and development of premenstrual syndrome in a longitudinal cohort of women

  • Sun Jae Jung
  • Andrea L. Roberts
  • Patricia Chocano-Bedoya
  • Brian W. Whitcomb
  • Stacey A. Missmer
  • JoAnn E. Manson
  • Susan E. Hankinson
  • Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson
  • Karestan C. Koenen
Short Communication
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Abstract

We examined the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (+PTSD) symptoms and incident premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in a longitudinal study with 14 years follow-up of 2924 women aged 27–44. Compared to women with no trauma exposure, women with trauma/PTSD were at significantly increased risk of PMS (p-trend < .001): 1) trauma/no PTSD odds ratio (OR) = 1.31 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05–1.63], 2) 1–3 PTSD symptoms OR = 1.71 [95% CI = 1.33–2.20], 3) 4–5 PTSD symptoms OR = 2.90 [95% CI = 2.07–4.05], and 4) 6–7 PTSD symptoms OR = 3.42 [95% CI = 2.18–5.36].

Keywords

Trauma Posttraumatic disorder Premenstrual syndrome 

Notes

Funding/support

Drs. Koenen and Roberts are supported by NIH grant R01MH10126. NIH grant UM1CA176726 supported for NHS II cohort infrastructure. Dr. Jung is supported by the Yerby Postdoctoral Fellowship. This study was supported by a faculty research grant of Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2018-0096).

Role of the funder/sponsor

The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Author’s contributions

Dr. Jung had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Study design and concept: Jung, Chocano, Koenen.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Jung, Roberts, Koenen.

Drafting of the manuscript: Jung.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jung, Roberts, Whitcomb, Missmer, Manson, Hankinson, Bertone-Johenson, Koenen.

Statistical analysis: Jung, Roberts.

Obtained funding: Koenen.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Jung.

Study supervision: Koenen.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest disclosures

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

737_2018_916_MOESM1_ESM.docx (28 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 27 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sun Jae Jung
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrea L. Roberts
    • 3
  • Patricia Chocano-Bedoya
    • 4
    • 5
  • Brian W. Whitcomb
    • 6
  • Stacey A. Missmer
    • 7
  • JoAnn E. Manson
    • 2
    • 8
    • 9
  • Susan E. Hankinson
    • 2
    • 8
    • 9
  • Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson
    • 6
  • Karestan C. Koenen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Preventive MedicineYonsei University College of MedicineSeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of EpidemiologyHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Environmental HealthHarvard T. H. Chan School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  4. 4.Center on Aging and MobilityUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  5. 5.Department of Geriatrics and Aging ResearchUniversity Hospital Zurich, University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  6. 6.Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Health SciencesUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstUSA
  7. 7.Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology, and Reproductive BiologyMichigan State UniversityGrand RapidsUSA
  8. 8.Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  9. 9.Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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