Computation of Resonance Magnetic Fields of CW-EPR Spectra by Reversion of Power Series

  • Vinayak Rane
  • Ranjan DasEmail author
Original Paper


The linear relationship between the frequency of an EPR transition and the magnetic field, valid in the presence of only the Zeeman interaction, generally becomes nonlinear, when other interactions become operative. In such cases, obtaining accurate values of the resonance magnetic fields of a given spin system for simulating their EPR spectra, recorded at a fixed frequency, is not a trivial exercise. Because of its fundamental importance in the analysis of EPR spectra, there are several methods available in the literature to address this issue. These methods either use numerical techniques to compute the resonance fields from the resonance energies computed at various magnetic fields by diagonalization of the Hamiltonian matrix, or modify the Hamiltonian appropriately and resort to perturbation calculations. In this work, we have examined a method based on a mathematical technique of reversion of a power series, by which the resonance magnetic fields at a fixed frequency can be achieved in a relatively simple and straightforward manner. We have shown that, when the energy of an EPR transition can be expressed as a power series in powers of the magnetic field, obtained either from the analytical energy expression or by fitting the calculated energies to an empirical power series, a reversed power series in powers of the transition energy can be obtained to represent the resonance magnetic field. We have derived the necessary algebraic relationships between the coefficients of these two series. We have shown the success and usefulness of this method by applying it to calculate the resonance magnetic fields of well-studied EPR spectra of hydrogen atom, naphthalene triplet, and 6S state of Fe3+ in an octahedral crystalline electric field, at different frequencies.



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radiochemistry DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchMumbaiIndia

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