Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 113, Issue 5, pp 625–649 | Cite as

Insights on the process of two-stage coronae formation at olivine-plagioclase contact in mafic dyke from Palghat Cauvery Shear Zone, southern India

  • Meenakshi Banerjee
  • Upama DuttaEmail author
  • R. Anand
  • Zachary D. Atlas
Original Paper


Coronae between olivine and plagioclase are a common replacement texture in mafic rocks by magmatic and metamorphic processes. Mafic dykes from Palghat Cauvery Shear Zone (PCSZ) of the granulite terrane of southern India display such multilayer coronae between olivine (Ol) and plagioclase (Pl), composed of orthopyroxene-magnetite (OM) and amphibole (Prg). Deformation twins, kinking, bending and fractures in plagioclase laths suggest that the rock underwent post-emplacement deformation. However, amphibole in the plagioclase fractures and preservation of delicate coronae texture indicate that the replacement texture grew in a static condition. Field occurrence and textural relations suggest that the coronae developed in two stages: (1) Stage-I: Ol → OM, followed by (2) Stage-II: OM + Pl = Prg during rehydration of the granulite host rock. Balanced chemical reactions and formation of hydrous amphibole at the expense of anhydrous reactants during Stage-II demonstrates that replacement of earlier minerals occurred in a fluid-present open system. Results from the pseudosection and the μMgO–μCaO phase diagram, suggest fluid played a crucial role in the transition from Stage-I to Stage-II corona at a P-T condition of ~650 ± 50 °C and 5.5–6 kbar. The multilayer coronae is likely to have resulted from late Neoproterozoic thermal metamorphism of granulite terrane of southern India during Pan-African orogeny.


Pan-African orogeny Corona Mafic Cauvery Pseudomorph 



M.B., U.D. and R.A. acknowledge CRF facility hosted in IIT (ISM), Dhanbad. Z.A. acknowledges the support from School of Geosciences, University of South Florida. U.D. acknowledges the financial support from SERB (SR/FTP/ES/115/2012), New Delhi. U.D. expresses sincere gratitude to Sengupta, P. for providing some of the samples and data for this study. We want to thank Racek, M. and Sharkov, E. V. for their critical review on the earlier versions of the manuscript. Broekmans, M. A.T.M. and Faryad, S. W. are thanked for their editorial comments and many helpful suggestions on the manuscript. We thank Sengupta, P., Karmakar, S., Mukhopadhyay, D. and Bhui, U. K. for their valuable opinion on several aspects of this work.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied GeologyIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia
  2. 2.School of GeosciencesUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

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