Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Synthesis, characterization, and thermal property of phosphate-based cobalt mixture of non-calcined, calcined, and composite material

  • 38 Accesses

Abstract

The phosphate-containing cobalt mixtures of non-calcined, calcined, and composite materials were synthesized in atmospheric conditions and characterized by different measurement techniques. Thermal study of these materials was carried out using DSC and TG–DTA techniques. From the study of thermal behaviour, it is observed that the composite material can not only be used as a sensible thermal heat storage material, but also can be used as a heat-dissipating material. The thermal behaviour of calcined mixture indicates its potential application towards use as a sensible thermal heat storage material due to its endothermic nature at high temperature. Average crystallite sizes were determined using the well-known Debye–Scherrer equation and are found to be 37.0 nm and 28.6 nm for the non-calcined and calcined mixture, respectively. The calculated band gap, Eg, of both the mixtures indicates their semiconducting behaviour at room temperature, and the calculated refractive index using the Moss and Ravindra relation are 2.52 and 2.62 for the non-calcined and calcined mixtures, respectively.

Graphic abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. 1.

    Imponenti L, Albrecht KJ, Wands JW, Sanders MD, Jackson GS (2017) Sol Energy 151:1

  2. 2.

    Chacartegui R, Alovisio A, Ortiz C, Valverde JM, Verda V, Becerra JA (2016) Appl Energy 173:589

  3. 3.

    Pardo P, Deydier A, Anxionnaz-Minvielle Z, Rougé S, Cabassud M, Cognet P (2014) Renew Sustain Energy Rev 32:591

  4. 4.

    Koçak B, Paksoy H (2019) Int J Energy Res 43:6454

  5. 5.

    Nkhonjera L, Bello-Ochende T, John G, Kingondu CK (2017) Renew Sustain Energy Rev 75:157

  6. 6.

    Tatsidjodoung P, Le Pierrès N, Luo L (2013) Renew Sustain Energy Rev 18:327

  7. 7.

    Tsai W-Y, Huang G-R, Wang K-K, Chen C-F, Huang JC (2017) Materials (Basel) 10:454

  8. 8.

    Swain T (2018) Sol Energy 159:369

  9. 9.

    Swain T (2017) J Therm Anal Calorim 127:2191

  10. 10.

    Swain T, Brahma GS (2017) J Inorg Organomet Polym Mater 27:131

  11. 11.

    Swain T, Brahma GS (2018) J Electron Mater 47:2817

  12. 12.

    Samala S, Brahma GS, Swain T (2019) Sol Energy 177:612

  13. 13.

    Elouali A, Kousksou T, El Rhafiki T, Hamdaoui S, Mahdaoui M, Allouhi A, Zeraouli Y (2019) J Energy Storage 23:69

  14. 14.

    Li H, Li N, Zhang C, Zhao T, Sun L, Shang M, Liu C, Zhou Y, Zhang S, Wang Z (2018) Aust J Chem 71:442

  15. 15.

    Mehtab T, Yasin G, Arif M, Shakeel M, Korai RM, Nadeem M, Muhammad N, Lu X (2019) J Energy Storage 21:632

  16. 16.

    Viter VN, Nagornyi PG (2009) Russ J Appl Chem 82:935

  17. 17.

    Zhou G, Wang W, Gu G, Li Y, Liu Y (2011) Int J Chem 3:127

  18. 18.

    Šoptrajanov B, Stefov V, Kuzmanovski I, Jovanovski G, Lutz HD, Engelen B (2002) J Mol Struct 613:7

  19. 19.

    Mielke Z, Andrews L (1989) J Phys Chem 93:2971

  20. 20.

    Hashimoto K, Toda Y, Hashimoto K, Arai Y (1992) Shikizai Kyokai 65:284

  21. 21.

    Highfield J, Lim HQ, Fagerlund J, Zevenhoven R (2012) RSC Adv 2:6535

  22. 22.

    Isika M, Tugay E, Gasanlyc N (2016) Optik 127:8301

  23. 23.

    Moss T (1985) Phys Status Solidi B 131:415

  24. 24.

    Ravindra NM, Auluck S, Srivastava VK (1979) Phys Status Solidi B 93:K155

  25. 25.

    Galkova TN, Pacewska B, Samuskevich VV, Pysiak J, Shulga NV (2000) J Therm Anal Calorim 60:1019

Download references

Acknowledgements

SS, Research scholar in the Department of Chemistry, IcfaiTech, IFHE, is thankful to the University for necessary financial support. The author TS thanks Indic Institute of Design and Research for providing necessary support to get associated with this work. GSB and SS are grateful to the Director, FST, IFHE, for providing the required laboratory facility for the synthesis of the mixtures.

Author information

Correspondence to Gouri Sankhar Brahma.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 (XLS 52 kb)

Supplementary file2 (DOCX 1223 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Samala, S., Brahma, G.S. & Swain, T. Synthesis, characterization, and thermal property of phosphate-based cobalt mixture of non-calcined, calcined, and composite material. Monatsh Chem 151, 141–152 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00706-019-02538-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • DSC
  • Sensible thermal storage
  • Heat dissipating
  • Negative specific heat capacity
  • Phosphorus compounds
  • Thermodynamics