Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly

, Volume 151, Issue 1, pp 33–43 | Cite as

A catalyst coated electrode for electrochemical formaldehyde oxidation

  • Milica SpasojevicEmail author
  • Miroslav Spasojevic
  • Lenka Ribic-Zelenovic
Original Paper


Thermally prepared catalytic coatings on a titanium substrate were composed of a mixture of nanocrystals of metallic Pt and RuO2 of rutile structure and used for electrooxidation of formaldehyde. The size of the RuO2 nanocrystals increased, whereas those of Pt decreased with increasing the content of RuO2 in the mixture. At more positive potentials, the maximum catalytic activities showed the coatings with lower content of RuO2. Mechanism of formaldehyde oxidation was derived to show two reaction pathways. In the first one, H2C(OH)2 was directly oxidized to CO2, whereas COad was formed in the latter. COad is strongly adsorbed on Pt atoms, which causes blocking of these atoms and thus, preventing direct dehydrogenation of H2C(OH)2 to CO2. The overall catalytic effect of the mixture of nanocrystals was caused by the bifunctional mechanism. Thus, the Ru atoms formed the oxy species at more negative potentials than Pt. These oxy species oxidized the COad intermediates, bound to adjacent Pt atoms and accordingly, discharged them for dehydrogenation of new molecules of H2C(OH)2.

Graphic abstract


Electrochemistry Cyclic voltammetry Nanostructures X Ray structure determination Catalysts Formaldehyde 



This work has been supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia through project Ref. No. 172057


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milica Spasojevic
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miroslav Spasojevic
    • 2
  • Lenka Ribic-Zelenovic
    • 2
  1. 1.Innovation Center of the Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Joint Laboratory for Advanced Materials of SASA, Section for Amorphous Systems, Faculty of Technical SciencesUniversity of KragujevacČačakSerbia

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