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Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly

, Volume 150, Issue 11, pp 1903–1910 | Cite as

A rapid pretreatment of PVC products for high-throughput and visual detection of trace heavy metals

  • Zhongqiu Li
  • Kunhao Yang
  • Yueguang Lv
  • Qingnan Wang
  • Chang Li
  • Li WuEmail author
  • Yujian HeEmail author
Original Paper
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

A novel method, based on modified silver nanoparticles, for high-throughput visual detection of heavy metal ions in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products was developed including a key pretreatment process in which tetrahydrofuran was used to dissolve PVC powder samples quickly. Heavy metal ions were successfully transferred from THF to the aqueous phase by the liquid–liquid extraction method during the pretreatment procedures. Then, enriched Cu2+, Mn2+, and Cr3+ were detected by three kinds of silver nanoparticles (4-MBA-AgNPs, 4-MBA-MA-AgNPs, and 4-NBT/4-MBA-AgNPs) using naked eyes and microplate reader, respectively. The visual detection limits of Cu2+, Mn2+, and Cr3+ were 1.0 × 10−6 M, 1.0 × 10−7 M, and 1.0 × 10−6 M, while the detection limits of Cu2+, Mn2+, and Cr3+ were 2.5 × 10−8 M, 5.0 × 10−8 M, and 5.0 × 10−8 M using microplate reader, respectively. Apparently, the proposed method could provide a potent means in the practical detection of heavy metal ions in PVC products with advantages of low-cost, rapid, high-throughput, and on-site detection.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Polyvinyl chloride Heavy metal ions Colorimetric detection High-throughput Microplate reader 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was sponsored by the National key research and development plan (No. 2016YFF0203700), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51772289, 21778054 and 51972302), State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs (No. K20180202), Fusion project of molecular science and education for Institute of Chemistry (No. Y52902HED2), UCAS students’ entrepreneurship research (No. 118900EA12), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 2182083 and 2192058).

Supplementary material

706_2019_2506_MOESM1_ESM.docx (561.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 575220 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic DrugsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering (CCPE)Hebei University of Science and TechnologyShijiazhuangChina

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