Penguin megrivirus, a novel picornavirus from an Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)

  • C. K. Yinda
  • J. Esefeld
  • H. U. Peter
  • J. Matthijnssens
  • R. ZellEmail author
Annotated Sequence Record


The complete genome sequence of a novel megrivirus of the family Picornaviridae was determined from nucleic acid extracted from a pool of six faecal specimens of Adélie penguins. The samples were collected near Bellingshausen Station, King George Island of the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Penguin megrivirus is the first megrivirus with a predicted L protein. It has an L-3-5-4 genome layout, a type IV IRES, and a long 3’ untranslated region of 668 nt.



The authors thank M.-C. Rümmler and M. Senf for sample collection, and C.U.T. Hellen for helpful discussion. Sample collection of the 2014/15 campaign was approved by the Umweltbundesamt (Permission No. Peter_94003-3_338). H.-U. P. received funding from the Umweltbundesamt (Grant No. FKZ 3712 87 100).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

No experimental work with animals or humans was done in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural ResearchNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of HealthHamiltonUSA
  2. 2.Polar- and Bird Ecology Group, Institute of Ecology and EvolutionFriedrich Schiller UniversityJenaGermany
  3. 3.KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, Rega Institute, Laboratory of Viral MetagenomicsLeuvenBelgium
  4. 4.Section of Experimental Virology, Jena University HospitalFriedrich Schiller UniversityJenaGermany

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