Full genome sequence of the first bluetongue virus serotype 21 (BTV-21) isolated from China: evidence for genetic reassortment between BTV-21 and bluetongue virus serotype 16 (BTV-16)
Bluetongue (BT) is one of the most important insect-borne, non-contagious viral diseases of ruminants and can cause severe disease and death in sheep. Its pathogen, bluetongue virus (BTV) has a double-stranded RNA genome consisting of 10 segments that provides an opportunity for field and vaccine strains of different serotypes to reassort whilst simultaneously infecting the same animal. For the first time, we report the full-length genome sequence of a BTV strain of serotype 21 (5149E) isolated from sentinel cattle in Guangxi Province in China in 2015. Sequence analysis suggested that the isolate 5149E had undergone a reassortment incident and acquired seg-6 from an isolate of BTV-16 which originated from Japan. This study aims to provide more understanding as to the origin and epidemiology of BTV.
We are grateful to Associate Prof. Shaoqiang Ruan at the College of Foreign Language, Guangxi University, for her help in preparing the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interests.
The animal experiments were approved and performed in accordance with the animal ethics guidelines and approved procedures of Guangxi Veterinary Research Institute, and Yunnan Animal Science and Veterinary Institute.
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