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Taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales: second update 2018

  • Piet Maes
  • Scott Adkins
  • Sergey V. Alkhovsky
  • Tatjana Avšič-Županc
  • Matthew J. Ballinger
  • Dennis A. Bente
  • Martin Beer
  • Éric Bergeron
  • Carol D. Blair
  • Thomas Briese
  • Michael J. Buchmeier
  • Felicity J. Burt
  • Charles H. Calisher
  • Rémi N. Charrel
  • Il Ryong Choi
  • J. Christopher S. Clegg
  • Juan Carlos de la Torre
  • Xavier de Lamballerie
  • Joseph L. DeRisi
  • Michele Digiaro
  • Mike Drebot
  • Hideki Ebihara
  • Toufic Elbeaino
  • Koray Ergünay
  • Charles F. Fulhorst
  • Aura R. Garrison
  • George Fú Gāo
  • Jean-Paul J. Gonzalez
  • Martin H. Groschup
  • Stephan Günther
  • Anne-Lise Haenni
  • Roy A. Hall
  • Roger Hewson
  • Holly R. Hughes
  • Rakesh K. Jain
  • Miranda Gilda Jonson
  • Sandra Junglen
  • Boris Klempa
  • Jonas Klingström
  • Richard Kormelink
  • Amy J. Lambert
  • Stanley A. Langevin
  • Igor S. Lukashevich
  • Marco Marklewitz
  • Giovanni P. Martelli
  • Nicole Mielke-Ehret
  • Ali Mirazimi
  • Hans-Peter Mühlbach
  • Rayapati Naidu
  • Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes
  • Gustavo Palacios
  • Anna Papa
  • Janusz T. Pawęska
  • Clarence J. Peters
  • Alexander Plyusnin
  • Sheli R. Radoshitzky
  • Renato O. Resende
  • Víctor Romanowski
  • Amadou Alpha Sall
  • Maria S. Salvato
  • Takahide Sasaya
  • Connie Schmaljohn
  • Xiǎohóng Shí
  • Yukio Shirako
  • Peter Simmonds
  • Manuela Sironi
  • Jin-Won Song
  • Jessica R. Spengler
  • Mark D. Stenglein
  • Robert B. Tesh
  • Massimo Turina
  • Tàiyún Wèi
  • Anna E. Whitfield
  • Shyi-Dong Yeh
  • F. Murilo Zerbini
  • Yong-Zhen Zhang
  • Xueping Zhou
  • Jens H. KuhnEmail author
Virology Division News

Abstract

In October 2018, the order Bunyavirales was amended by inclusion of the family Arenaviridae, abolishment of three families, creation of three new families, 19 new genera, and 14 new species, and renaming of three genera and 22 species. This article presents the updated taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales as now accepted by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).

Introduction

The virus order Bunyavirales was established in 2017 to accommodate related viruses with segmented, linear, single-stranded, negative-sense or ambisense RNA genomes classified into nine families [2]. Here, we present the changes that were proposed via an official ICTV taxonomic proposal (TaxoProp 2017.012M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_rev) at http://www.ictvonline.org/ in 2017 and were accepted by the ICTV Executive Committee (EC) in October 2018. These changes are now part of the official ICTV taxonomy as of October 2018.

Taxonomic changes at the order rank

In October 2018, the order Bunyavirales was amended by inclusion of the previously unassigned family Arenaviridae. The families Feraviridae, Jonviridae, and Tospoviridae were dissolved, and their genera (Orthoferavirus, Orthojonvirus, and Orthotospovirus) were renamed (Feravirus, Jonvirus, and Tospovirus, respectively) and moved into established families (Feravirus, JonvirusPhasmaviridae and TospovirusPeribunyaviridae). Three new families were created for novel invertebrate viruses: Cruliviridae for Wēnlǐng crustacean virus 9 (WlCV-9), Mypoviridae for Húběi myriapoda virus 5 (HbMV-5), and Wupedeviridae for Wǔhàn millipede virus 2 (WhMV-2) [4].

Taxonomic changes at the family rank

Fimoviridae

In 2018, no changes were made at the family rank.

Hantaviridae

In October 2018, the family was expanded by the addition of three new genera (Loanvirus, Mobatvirus, and Thottimvirus) for the species Longquan orthohantavirus, Laibin orthohantavirus, Nova orthohantavirus, Quezon orthohantavirus, Imjin orthohantavirus, and Thottapalayam orthohantavirus (now renamed Longquan loanvirus, Laibin mobatvirus, Nova mobatvirus, Quezon mobatvirus, Imjin thottimvirus, and Thottapalayam thottimvirus, respectively).

Nairoviridae

In October 2018, the family was expanded by the addition of two new genera, Shaspivirus and Striwavirus, for Shāyáng spider virus 1 (SySV-1) and Sānxiá water strider virus 1 (SxWSV-1) discovered in invertebrates, respectively [1, 4].

Peribunyaviridae

In October 2018, the family was expanded by the addition of the new genus Shangavirus for the species Shuangao insect herbevirus (now renamed Insect shangavirus).

Phasmaviridae

In October 2018, the family was expanded by the addition of the new genus Inshuvirus for the species Shuangao insect orthophasmavirus 2 (now renamed Insect inshuvirus) and the new genus Wuhivirus for Wǔhàn insect virus 2 (WhIV-2) discovered in invertebrates [1].

Phenuiviridae

In October 2018, the family was expanded by the addition of the new genus Banyangvirus for the species SFTS phlebovirus (now renamed Huaiyangshan banyangvirus) and the new genera Beidivirus, Horwuvirus, Hudivirus, Hudovirus, Mobuvirus, Pidchovirus, and Wubeivirus for Húběi diptera virus 3 (HbDV-3), Wǔhàn horsefly virus (WhHV), Húběi diptera virus 4 (HbDV-4), Húběi lepidoptera virus 1 (HbLV-1), Mothra virus (MTHV), Pidgey virus (PGYV), and Húběi diptera virus 5 (HbDV-5)/Wǔhàn fly virus 1 (WhFV-1), respectively, discovered in invertebrates [1, 3, 4].

Summary

A summary of the current, ICTV-accepted taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales is presented in Table 1.
Table 1

ICTV-accepted taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales as of October 2018. Listed are all bunyaviruses that are classified into species

Genus

Species

Virus (abbreviation)

Family Arenaviridae

Hartmanivirus

Haartman hartmanivirus*

Haartman Institute snake virus 1 (HISV-1)

Mammarenavirus

Allpahuayo mammarenavirus

Allpahuayo virus (ALLV)

 

Argentinian mammarenavirus

Junín virus (JUNV)

 

Bear Canyon mammarenavirus

Bear Canyon virus (BCNV)

 

Brazilian mammarenavirus

Sabiá virus (SBAV)

 

Cali mammarenavirus

Pichindé virus (PICHV)

 

Chapare mammarenavirus

Chapare virus (CHAPV)

 

Cupixi mammarenavirus

Cupixi virus (CUPXV)

 

Flexal mammarenavirus

Flexal virus (FLEV)

 

Gairo mammarenavirus

Gairo virus (GAIV)

 

Guanarito mammarenavirus

Guanarito virus (GTOV)

 

Ippy mammarenavirus

Ippy virus (IPPYV)

 

Lassa mammarenavirus

Lassa virus (LASV)

 

Latino mammarenavirus

Latino virus (LATV)

 

Loei River mammarenavirus

Loei River virus (LORV)

 

Lujo mammarenavirus

Lujo virus (LUJV)

 

Luna mammarenavirus

Luna virus (LUAV)

  

Luli virus (LULV)

 

Lunk mammarenavirus

Lunk virus (LNKV)

 

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis mammarenavirus*

Dandenong virus (DANV)

  

lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)

 

Machupo mammarenavirus

Machupo virus (MACV)

 

Mariental mammarenavirus

Mariental virus (MRLV)

 

Merino Walk mammarenavirus

Merino Walk virus (MRWV)

 

Mobala mammarenavirus

mobala virus (MOBV)

 

Mopeia mammarenavirus

Mopeia virus (MPOV)

  

Morogoro virus (MORV)

 

Okahandja mammarenavirus

Okahandja virus (OKAV)

 

Oliveros mammarenavirus

Oliveros virus (OLVV)

 

Paraguayan mammarenavirus

Paraná virus (PRAV)

 

Pirital mammarenavirus

Pirital virus (PIRV)

 

Ryukyu mammarenavirus

Ryukyu virus (RYKV)

 

Serra do Navio mammarenavirus

Amaparí virus (AMAV)

 

Solwezi mammarenavirus

Solwezi virus (SOLV)

 

Souris mammarenavirus

souris virus (SOUV)

 

Tacaribe mammarenavirus

Tacaribe virus (TCRV)

 

Tamiami mammarenavirus

Tamiami virus (TMMV)

 

Wenzhou mammarenavirus

Wēnzhōu virus (WENV)1

 

Whitewater Arroyo mammarenavirus

Big Brushy Tank virus (BBRTV)

  

Catarina virus (CTNV)

  

Skinner Tank virus (SKTV)

  

Tonto Creek virus (TTCV)

  

Whitewater Arroyo virus (WWAV)

Reptarenavirus

California reptarenavirus

CAS virus (CASV)

 

Giessen reptarenavirus

University of Giessen virus 1 (UGV-1)

  

University of Giessen virus 2 (UGV-2)

  

University of Giessen virus 3 (UGV-3)

 

Golden reptarenavirus*

Golden Gate virus (GOGV)

 

Ordinary reptarenavirus

tavallinen suomalainen mies virus 2 (TSMV-2)

 

Rotterdam reptarenavirus

ROUT virus (ROUTV)

  

University of Helsinki virus 1 (UHV-1)

Family Cruliviridae

Lincruvirus

Crustacean lincruvirus*

Wēnlǐng crustacean virus 9 (WlCV-9)

Family Fimoviridae

Emaravirus

Actinidia chlorotic ringspot-associated emaravirus

Actinidia chlorotic ringspot-associated virus (AcCRaV)

 

European mountain ash ringspot-associated emaravirus*

European mountain ash ringspot-associated virus (EMARaV)

 

Fig mosaic emaravirus

fig mosaic virus (FMV)

 

High Plains wheat mosaic emaravirus

High Plains wheat mosaic virus (HPWMoV)

 

Pigeonpea sterility mosaic emaravirus 1

pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus (PPSMV)

 

Pigeonpea sterility mosaic emaravirus 2

pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus 2 (PPSMV-2)

 

Raspberry leaf blotch emaravirus

raspberry leaf blotch virus (RLBV)

 

Redbud yellow ringspot-associated emaravirus

redbud yellow ringspot-associated virus (RYRaV)

 

Rose rosette emaravirus

rose rosette virus (RRV)

Family Hantaviridae

Orthohantavirus

Amga orthohantavirus

Amga virus (MGAV)2

 

Andes orthohantavirus

Andes virus (ANDV)

  

Castelo dos Sonhos virus (CASV)

  

Lechiguanas virus (LECV = LECHV)

  

Orán virus (ORNV)

 

Asama orthohantavirus

Asama virus (ASAV)

 

Asikkala orthohantavirus

Asikkala virus (ASIV)

 

Bayou orthohantavirus

bayou virus (BAYV)

  

Catacamas virus (CATV)

 

Black Creek Canal orthohantavirus

Black Creek Canal virus (BCCV)

 

Bowe orthohantavirus

Bowé virus (BOWV)

 

Bruges orthohantavirus

Bruges virus (BRGV)

 

Cano Delgadito orthohantavirus

Caño Delgadito virus (CADV)

 

Cao Bang orthohantavirus

Cao Bằng virus (CBNV)

  

Liánghé virus (LHEV)

 

Choclo orthohantavirus

Choclo virus (CHOV)

 

Dabieshan orthohantavirus

Dàbiéshān virus (DBSV)

 

Dobrava-Belgrade orthohantavirus

Dobrava virus (DOBV)

  

Kurkino virus (KURV)

  

Saaremaa virus (SAAV)

  

Sochi virus (SOCV)

 

El Moro Canyon orthohantavirus

Carrizal virus (CARV)

  

El Moro Canyon virus (ELMCV)

  

Huitzilac virus (HUIV)

 

Fugong orthohantavirus

Fúgòng virus (FUGV)

 

Fusong orthohantavirus

Fǔsōng virus (FUSV)

 

Hantaan orthohantavirus*

Amur virus (AMRV)

  

Hantaan virus (HTNV)

  

Soochong virus (SOOV)

 

Jeju orthohantavirus

Jeju virus (JJUV)

 

Kenkeme orthohantavirus

Kenkeme virus (KKMV)

 

Khabarovsk orthohantavirus

Khabarovsk virus (KHAV)

  

Topografov virus (TOPV)

 

Laguna Negra orthohantavirus

Laguna Negra virus (LANV)

  

Maripa virus (MARV)

  

Río Mamoré virus (RIOMV)

 

Luxi orthohantavirus

Lúxī virus (LUXV)

 

Maporal orthohantavirus

Maporal virus (MAPV)

 

Montano orthohantavirus

Montaño virus (MTNV)

 

Necocli orthohantavirus

Necoclí virus (NECV)

 

Oxbow orthohantavirus

Oxbow virus (OXBV)

 

Prospect Hill orthohantavirus

Prospect Hill virus (PHV)

 

Puumala orthohantavirus

Hokkaido virus (HOKV)

  

Muju virus (MUJV)

  

Puumala virus (PUUV)

 

Rockport orthohantavirus

Rockport virus (RKPV)

 

Sangassou orthohantavirus

Sangassou virus (SANGV)

 

Seoul orthohantavirus

gōu virus (GOUV)

  

Seoul virus (SEOV)

 

Sin Nombre orthohantavirus

New York virus (NYV)3

  

Sin Nombre virus (SNV)

 

Thailand orthohantavirus

Anjozorobe virus (ANJZV)

  

Serang virus (SERV)4

  

Thailand virus (THAIV)

 

Tula orthohantavirus

Adler virus (ADLV)

  

Tula virus (TULV)

 

Yakeshi orthohantavirus

Yákèshí virus (YKSV)

Loanvirus

Longquan loanvirus*

Lóngquán virus (LQUV)

Mobatvirus

Laibin mobatvirus

Láibīn virus (LAIV)

 

Nova mobatvirus*

Nova virus (NVAV)

 

Quezon mobatvirus

Quezon virus (QZNV)

Thottimvirus

Imjin thottimvirus

Imjin virus (MJNV)

 

Thottapalayam thottimvirus*

Thottapalayam virus (TPMV)

Family Mypoviridae

Hubavirus

Myriapod hubavirus*

Húběi myriapoda virus 5 (HbMV-5)

Family Nairoviridae

Orthonairovirus

Artashat orthonairovirus

Artashat virus (ARTSV)

 

Chim orthonairovirus

Chim virus (CHIMV)

 

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever orthonairovirus

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV)

 

Dera Ghazi Khan orthonairovirus

Abu Hammad virus (AHV)5

  

Abu Mina virus (AMV)

  

Dera Ghazi Khan virus (DGKV)

  

Sapphire II virus (SAPV)

 

Dugbe orthonairovirus*

Dugbe virus (DUGV)

  

kupe virus (KUPEV)

 

Hazara orthonairovirus

Hazara virus (HAZV)

  

Tofla virus (TFLV)

 

Hughes orthonairovirus

Caspiy virus (CASV)

  

Farallon virus (FARV)

  

Great Saltee virus (GRSV)

  

Hughes virus (HUGV)

  

Punta Salinas virus (PSV)

  

Raza virus (RAZAV)

  

Soldado virus (SOLV)

  

Zirqa virus (ZIRV)

 

Kasokero orthonairovirus

Kasokero virus (KASV = KASOV)

  

Leopards Hill virus (LPHV)

  

Yogue virus (YOGV)

 

Keterah orthonairovirus

Gossas virus (GOSV)

  

Issyk-kul virus (ISKV)

  

Keterah virus (KTRV)6

  

Uzun-Agach virus (UZAV)

 

Nairobi sheep disease orthonairovirus

Nairobi sheep disease virus (NSDV)7

 

Qalyub orthonairovirus

Bandia virus (BDAV)

  

Geran virus (GERV)

  

Qalyub virus (QYBV)

 

Sakhalin orthonairovirus

Avalon virus (AVAV)

  

Clo Mor virus (CMV = CLMV)

  

Sakhalin virus (SAKV)

  

Taggert virus (TAGV)

  

Tillamook virus (TILLV)

 

Tamdy orthonairovirus

Burana virus (BURV)

  

Huángpí tick virus 1 (HpTV-1)

  

Tamdy virus (TAMV)

  

Tǎchéng tick virus 1 (TcTV-1)

  

Wēnzhōu tick virus (WzTV)

 

Thiafora orthonairovirus

Erve virus (ERVEV)

  

Thiafora virus (TFAV)

Shaspivirus

Spider shaspivirus*

Shāyáng spider virus 1 (SySV-1)

Striwavirus

Strider striwavirus*

Sānxiá water strider virus 1 (SxWSV-1)

Family Peribunyaviridae

Herbevirus

Herbert herbevirus*

Herbert virus (HEBV)

 

Kibale herbevirus

Kibale virus (KIBV)

 

Tai herbevirus

Taï virus (TAIV)

Orthobunyavirus

Acara orthobunyavirus

Acará virus (ACAV)

  

Moriche virus (MORV)

 

Akabane orthobunyavirus

Akabane virus (AKAV)

  

Sabo virus (SABOV)

  

Tinaroo virus (TINV)

  

Yaba-7 virus (Y7V)

 

Alajuela orthobunyavirus

Alajuela virus (ALJV)

  

Brus Laguna virus (BLAV)

  

San Juan virus (SJV)

 

Anopheles A orthobunyavirus

Anopheles A virus (ANAV)

  

Arumateua virus (ARTV = ARMTV)

  

Caraipé virus (CPEV = CRPV)

  

Las Maloyas virus (LMV)

  

Lukuni virus (LUKV)

  

Trombetas virus (TRMV)

  

Tucuruí virus (TUCV = TUCRV)

 

Anopheles B orthobunyavirus

Anopheles B virus (ANBV)

  

Boracéia virus (BORV)

 

Bakau orthobunyavirus

Bakau virus (BAKV)

  

Ketapang virus (KETV)

  

Nola virus (NOLAV)

  

Tanjong Rabok virus (TRV)

  

Telok Forest virus (TFV)

 

Batama orthobunyavirus

Batama virus (BMAV)

 

Benevides orthobunyavirus

Benevides virus (BVSV = BENV)

 

Bertioga orthobunyavirus

Bertioga virus (BERV)

  

Cananéia virus (CNAV)

  

Guaratuba virus (GTBV)

  

Itimirim virus (ITIV)

  

Mirim virus (MIRV)

 

Bimiti orthobunyavirus

bimiti virus (BIMV)

 

Botambi orthobunyavirus

Botambi virus (BOTV)

 

Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus*

Anadyr virus (ANADV)

  

Batai virus (BATV)8

  

Birao virus (BIRV)

  

Bozo virus (BOZOV)

  

Bunyamwera virus (BUNV)

  

Cache Valley virus (CVV)

  

Fort Sherman virus (FSV)

  

Germiston virus (GERV)

  

Ilesha virus (ILEV)

  

Lokern virus (LOKV)

  

Maguari virus (MAGV)

  

Mboké virus (MBOV)

  

Ngari virus (NRIV)9

  

Northway virus (NORV)

  

Playas virus (PLAV)

  

Potosi virus (POTV)

  

Santa Rosa virus (SARV)

  

Shokwe virus (SHOV)

  

Stanfield virus (STAV)

  

Tensaw virus (TENV)

  

Tlacotalpan virus (TLAV)

  

Xingu virus (XINV)

 

Bushbush orthobunyavirus

Benfica virus (BENV = BNFV)

  

Bushbush virus (BSBV)

  

Juan Díaz virus (JDV)

 

Bwamba orthobunyavirus

Bwamba virus (BWAV)

  

Pongola virus (PGAV)

 

California encephalitis orthobunyavirus

Achiote virus (ACHOV)

  

California encephalitis virus (CEV)

  

infirmatus virus (INFV)

  

Inkoo virus (INKV)

  

Jamestown Canyon virus (JCV)

  

Jerry Slough virus (JSV)

  

Keystone virus (KEYV)

  

Khatanga virus (KHATV)10

  

La Crosse virus (LACV)

  

Lumbo virus (LUMV)

  

Melao virus (MELV)

  

Morro Bay virus (MBV)

  

San Angelo virus (SAV)

  

Serra do Navio virus (SDNV)

  

snowshoe hare virus (SSHV)

  

South River virus (SORV)

  

Ťahyňa virus (TAHV)

  

trivittatus virus (TVTV)

 

Capim orthobunyavirus

Capim virus (CAPV)

 

Caraparu orthobunyavirus

Apeú virus (APEUV)

  

Bruconha virus (BRUV)

  

Caraparú virus (CARV)

  

El Huayo virus (EHUV)

  

Itaya virus (ITYV)

  

Ossa virus (OSSAV)

  

Vinces virus (VINV)

 

Catu orthobunyavirus

Catú virus (CATUV)

 

Estero Real orthobunyavirus

Estero Real virus (ERV)

 

Gamboa orthobunyavirus

Calchaquí virus (CQIV)

  

Gamboa virus (GAMV)

  

Pueblo Viejo virus (PVV)

  

Soberanía virus (SOBV)

 

Guajara orthobunyavirus

Guajará virus (GJAV)

 

Guama orthobunyavirus

Ananindeua virus (ANUV)

  

Guamá virus (GMAV)

  

Mahogany Hammock virus (MHV)

  

Moju virus (MOJUV)

 

Guaroa orthobunyavirus

Guaroa virus (GROV)

 

Kaeng Khoi orthobunyavirus

Kaeng Khoi virus (KKV)

 

Kairi orthobunyavirus

Kairi virus (KRIV)

 

Koongol orthobunyavirus

koongol virus (KOOV)

  

wongal virus (WONV)

 

Madrid orthobunyavirus

Madrid virus (MADV)

 

Main Drain orthobunyavirus

Main Drain virus (MDV)

 

Manzanilla orthobunyavirus

Buttonwillow virus (BUTV)

  

Cát Quế virus (CQV)

  

Ingwavuma virus (INGV)

  

Inini virus (INIV)

  

Manzanilla virus (MANV)

  

Mermet virus (MERV)

 

Marituba orthobunyavirus

Gumbo Limbo virus (GLV)

  

Marituba virus (MTBV)

  

Murutucú virus (MURV)

  

Nepuyo virus (NEPV)

  

Restan virus (RESV)

  

Zungarococha virus (ZUNV)

 

Minatitlan orthobunyavirus

Minatitlán virus (MNTV)

  

Palestina virus (PLSV)

 

MPoko orthobunyavirus

M’Poko virus (MPOV)

  

Yaba-1 virus (Y1V)

 

Nyando orthobunyavirus

Nyando virus (NDV)

  

Eretmapodites virus (ERETV)

 

Olifantsvlei orthobunyavirus

Bobia virus (BIAV)

  

Dabakala virus (DABV)

  

Olifantsvlei virus (OLIV)

  

Oubi virus (OUBIV)

 

Oriboca orthobunyavirus

Itaquí virus (ITQV)

  

Oriboca virus (ORIV)

 

Oropouche orthobunyavirus

Facey’s paddock virus (FPV)

  

Iquitos virus (IQTV)d

  

Madre de Dios virus (MDDV)

  

Oropouche virus (OROV)

  

Perdões virus (PDEV)

  

Pintupo virus (PINTV)

  

Utinga virus (UTIV)

  

Utivé virus (UVV = UTVEV)

 

Patois orthobunyavirus

Abras virus (ABRV)

  

Babahoya virus (BABV)

  

Pahayokee virus (PAHV)

  

Patois virus (PATV)

  

Shark River virus (SRV)

 

Sathuperi orthobunyavirus

Douglas virus (DOUV)

  

Sathuperi virus (SATV)

 

Shamonda orthobunyavirus

Peaton virus (PEAV)

  

Sango virus (SANV)

  

Shamonda virus (SHAV)

 

Shuni orthobunyavirus

Aino virus (AINOV)

  

Kaikalur virus (KAIV)

  

Shuni virus (SHUV)

 

Simbu orthobunyavirus

Oya virus (OYAV)

  

Simbu virus (SIMV)

 

Tacaiuma orthobunyavirus

CoAr 1071 virus (CA1071V)

  

CoAr 3627 virus (CA3626V)

  

Tacaiuma virus (TCMV)

  

Virgin River virus (VRV)

 

Tete orthobunyavirus

Bahig virus (BAHV)

  

Matruh virus (MTRV)

  

Tete virus (TETEV)

  

Tsuruse virus (TSUV)

  

Weldona virus (WELV)

 

Thimiri orthobunyavirus

Thimiri virus (THIV)

 

Timboteua orthobunyavirus

Timboteua virus (TBTV)

 

Turlock orthobunyavirus

Lednice virus (LEDV)

  

Turlock virus (TURV)

  

Umbre virus (UMBV)

 

Wolkberg orthobunyavirus

Wolkberg virus (WBV)

 

Wyeomyia orthobunyavirus

Anhembi virus (AMBV)

  

BeAr 328208 virus (BAV)

  

Cachoeira Porteira virus (CPOV)

  

Iaco virus (IACOV)

  

Macauã virus (MCAV)

  

Rio Pracupi virus

  

Sororoca virus (SORV)

  

Taiassui virus (TAIAV)

  

Tucunduba virus (TUCV)

  

Wyeomyia virus (WYOV)

 

Zegla orthobunyavirus

Zegla virus (ZEGV)

Shangavirus

Insect shangavirus

Shuāngào insect virus 1 (SgIV-1)

Tospovirus

Groundnut bud necrosis tospovirus

groundnut bud necrosis virus (GBNV)11

 

Groundnut ringspot tospovirus

groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV)

 

Groundnut yellow spot tospovirus

groundnut yellow spot virus (GYSV)12

 

Impatiens necrotic spot tospovirus

impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV)

 

Iris yellow spot tospovirus

iris yellow spot virus (IYSV)

 

Polygonum ringspot tospovirus

Polygonum ringspot virus (PolRSV)

 

Tomato chlorotic spot tospovirus

tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV)

 

Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus*

tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)

 

Watermelon bud necrosis tospovirus

watermelon bud necrosis virus (WBNV)

 

Watermelon silver mottle tospovirus

watermelon silver mottle virus (WSMoV)

 

Zucchini lethal chlorosis tospovirus

zucchini lethal chlorosis virus (ZLCV)

Family Phasmaviridae

Feravirus

Ferak feravirus*

Ferak virus (FERV)

Inshuvirus

Insect inshuvirus*

Shuāngào insect virus 2 (SgIV-2)

Jonvirus

Jonchet jonvirus*

jonchet virus (JONV)

Orthophasmavirus

Kigluaik phantom orthophasmavirus*

Kigluaik phantom virus (KIGV)

 

Nome phantom orthophasmavirus

Nome phantom virus (NOMV)

 

Wuchang cockroach orthophasmavirus 1

Wǔchāng cockroach virus 1 (WcCV-1)

 

Wuhan mosquito orthophasmavirus 1

Wǔhàn mosquito virus 1 (WhMV-1)

 

Wuhan mosquito orthophasmavirus 2

Wǔhàn mosquito virus 2 (WhMV-2)

Wuhivirus

Insect wuhivirus*

Wǔhàn insect virus 2 (WhIV-2)

Family Phenuiviridae

Banyangvirus

Huaiyangshan banyangvirus*

severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV)

Beidivirus

Dipteran beidivirus*

Húběi diptera virus 3 (HbDV-3)

Goukovirus

Cumuto goukovirus

Cumuto virus (CUMV)

 

Gouleako goukovirus*

Gouléako virus (GOLV)

 

Yichang insect goukovirus

Yíchāng insect virus (YcIV)

Horwuvirus

Horsefly horwuvirus*

Wǔhàn horsefly virus (WhHV)

Hudivirus

Dipteran hudivirus*

Húběi diptera virus 4 (HbDV-4)

Hudovirus

Lepidopteran hudovirus*

Húběi lepidoptera virus 1 (HbLV-1)

Mobuvirus

Mothra mobuvirus*

Mothra virus (MTHV)

Phasivirus

Badu phasivirus*

Badu virus (BADUV)

 

Phasi Charoen-like phasivirus

Phasi Chaeron-like virus (PCLV)

 

Wuhan fly phasivirus #

 
 

Wutai mosquito phasivirus

Wǔtái mosquito virus (WtMV)

Phlebovirus

Bujaru phlebovirus

Bujaru virus (BUJV)

  

Munguba virus (MUNV)

 

Candiru phlebovirus

Alenquer virus (ALEV)

  

Ariquemes virus (ARQV)

  

Candirú virus (CDUV)

  

Itaituba virus (ITAV)

  

Jacundá virus (JCNV)

  

Maldonado virus (MLOV)

  

Morumbi virus (MR(M)BV)

  

Mucura virus (MCRV/MRAV)

  

Nique virus (NIQV)

  

Oriximiná virus (ORXV)

  

Serra Norte virus (SRNV)

  

Turuna virus (TUAV)

 

Chilibre phlebovirus

Cacao virus (CACV)

  

Chilibre virus (CHIV)

 

Frijoles phlebovirus

frijoles virus (FRIV)

  

Joá virus (JOAV)

 

Punta Toro phlebovirus

Buenaventura virus (BUEV)

  

Campana virus (CMAV)

  

Capira virus (CAPIV)

  

Coclé virus (CCLV)

  

Leticia virus (LTCV)

  

Punta Toro virus (PTV)

 

Rift Valley fever phlebovirus*

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV)

 

Salehabad phlebovirus

Adana virus (ADAV)

  

Adria virus (ADRV)

  

Alcube virus

  

Arbia virus (ARBV)

  

Arumowot virus (AMTV)

  

Medjerda Valley virus (MVV)

  

Odrénisrou virus (ODRV)

  

Olbia virus (OLBV)

  

Salehabad virus (SALV)

  

Bregalaka virus (BREV)

  

Zaba virus (ZABAV)

 

Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus

Arrábida virus (ARRV)

  

Balkan virus (BALKV)

  

Fermo virus (FERV)

  

Gordil virus (GORV)

  

Granada virus (GRV = GRAV)

  

Massilia virus (MASV)

  

Punique virus (PUNV)

  

Saddaguia virus (SADV)

  

Saint-Floris virus (SAFV)

  

sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV)

  

Tehran virus (THEV)

  

Toscana virus (TOSV)

  

Zerdali virus (ZERV)

 

Uukuniemi phlebovirus

Chizé virus (CHZV)

  

EgAN 1825-61 virus (EGAV)

  

Fin V 707 virus (FINV)

  

Oceanside virus (OCV = OCEV)

  

Pontevès virus (PTVV)

  

St. Abbs Head virus (SAHV)

  

Uukuniemi virus (UUKV)

  

Zaliv Terpenyia virus (ZTV)

Pidchovirus

Pidgey pidchovirus*

Pidgey virus (PGYV)

Tenuivirus

Echinochloa hoja blanca tenuivirus

Echinochloa hoja blanca virus (EHBV)

 

Iranian wheat stripe tenuivirus

Iranian wheat stripe virus (IWSV)

 

Maize stripe tenuivirus

maize stripe virus (MStV = MSpV)

 

Rice grassy stunt tenuivirus

rice grassy stunt virus (RGSV)

 

Rice hoja blanca tenuivirus

rice hoja blanca virus (RHBV)

 

Rice stripe tenuivirus*

rice stripe virus (RSV = RStV)

 

Urochloa hoja blanca tenuivirus

Urochloa hoja blanca virus (UHBV)

Wubeivirus

Dipteran wubeivirus*

Húběi diptera virus 5 (HbDV-5)

 

Fly wubeivirus

Wǔhàn fly virus 1 (WhFV-1)

Family Wupedeviridae

Wumivirus

Millipede wumivirus*

Wǔhàn millipede virus 2 (WhMV-2)

*Asterisks denote type species

1junior synonyms: Cardamones virus, Hǎinán Medical University virus, Xīngyì virus

2synonym: Artybash virus (ARTV)

3synonym: New York 1 virus (NY-1V)

4synonym: Jurong virus

5includes the strain previously referred to as Tunis virus (TUNV)

6includes the strain previously referred to as soft tick bunyavirus (STBV)

7includes the strain previously referred to as Ganjam virus (GANV)

8synonyms: Čalovo virus (CVOV), Chittoor virus (CHITV), Olkya virus, Olyka virus, UgMP-6830 virus

9includes the strain previously referred to as Garissa virus

10also mistakenly referred to in the literature as Chantanga virus (CHATV) and Chatanga virus (CHATV)

11synonym: peanut bud necrosis virus (PDNV)

12synonym: peanut yellow spot virus (PYSV)

#The virus of this species was moved into a new genus (Wubeivirus) and species (Fly wubeivirus), but due to a formal error, the species Wuhan fly phasivirus was not deleted. A taxonomic proposal to rectify this oversight has been submitted

Please note that viruses are real objects that are assigned to concepts that are called taxa. Species, genera, families, and orders are taxa. Taxon names are always italicized and always begin with a capital letter. Virus names, on the other hand, are not italicized and are not capitalized, except if the name or a name component is a proper noun. This column lists the virus names with their correct (lack of) capitalization. Lists of viruses within a given species are provisional at this point and will likely be amended in the near future

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Laura Bollinger (NIH/NIAID Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD, USA) for critically editing the manuscript.

Funding

This work was supported in part through Battelle Memorial Institute’s prime contract with the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract No. HHSN272200700016I (J.H.K.). This work was also funded in part by National Institutes of Health (NIH) contract HHSN272201000040I/HHSN27200004/D04 and grant R24AI120942 (R.B.T.).

Compliance with ethical standards

The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US Department of the Army, the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Health and Human Services, or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors. In no event shall any of these entities have any responsibility or liability for any use, misuse, inability to use, or reliance upon the information contained herein. The US departments do not endorse any products or commercial services mentioned in this publication.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zoonotic Infectious Diseases unit, Rega InstituteKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research ServiceUS Horticultural Research LaboratoryFort PierceUSA
  3. 3.D. I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, N. F. Gamaleya Federal Research Center for Epidemiology and MicrobiologyMinistry of Health of the Russian FederationMoscowRussia
  4. 4.University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana Faculty of MedicineLjubljanaSlovenia
  5. 5.Department of Biological SciencesMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  6. 6.University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA
  7. 7.Institute of Diagnostic VirologyFriedrich-Loeffler-InstitutGreifswald-Insel RiemsGermany
  8. 8.Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and PathologyCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  9. 9.Department of Microbiology, Immunology & Pathology, Arthropod-borne and Infectious Diseases LaboratoryColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  10. 10.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Center for Infection and ImmunityColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  11. 11.Department of Molecular Biology and BiochemistryUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  12. 12.Division of VirologyNational Health Laboratory ServiceBloemfonteinRepublic of South Africa
  13. 13.Division of VirologyUniversity of the Free StateBloemfonteinRepublic of South Africa
  14. 14.Unité des Virus Emergents (Aix-Marseille Univ–IRD 190–Inserm 1207–IHU Méditerranée Infection)MarseilleFrance
  15. 15.Plant Breeding Genetics and Biotechnology DivisionInternational Rice Research InstituteLos BañosPhilippines
  16. 16.Les MandinauxLe Grand MadieuFrance
  17. 17.Department of Immunology and Microbiology IMM-6The Scripps Research InstituteLa JollaUSA
  18. 18.Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  19. 19.Department of Biochemistry and BiophysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  20. 20.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  21. 21.Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di BariValenzanoItaly
  22. 22.Zoonotic Diseases and Special Pathogens, National Microbiology LaboratoryPublic Health Agency of CanadaWinnipegCanada
  23. 23.Department of Molecular MedicineMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  24. 24.Virology Unit, Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  25. 25.United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort DetrickFrederickUSA
  26. 26.National Institute for Viral Disease Control and PreventionChinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingChina
  27. 27.Center of Excellence for Emerging and Zoonotic Animal DiseaseKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  28. 28.National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and PreventionChinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingChina
  29. 29.Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center & Institutes of Biomedical SciencesFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  30. 30.Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht Institute for Tropical MedicineWHO Collaborating Centre for Arboviruses and Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and ResearchHamburgGermany
  31. 31.Institut Jacques Monod, CNRS—Université Paris-DiderotParisFrance
  32. 32.Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, School of Chemistry and Molecular BiosciencesThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  33. 33.Public Health EnglandSalisburyUK
  34. 34.Centers for Disease Control and PreventionFort CollinsUSA
  35. 35.Division of Plant PathologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  36. 36.Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Fungal Pathogenesis, College of Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  37. 37.Institute of VirologyCharité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Free University Berlin, Humboldt-University Berlin, and Berlin Institute of HealthBerlinGermany
  38. 38.German Centre for Infection ResearchBerlinGermany
  39. 39.Biomedical Research CenterSlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  40. 40.Department of Medicine Huddinge, Center for Infectious Medicine, Karolinska InstitutetKarolinska University HospitalStockholmSweden
  41. 41.Laboratory of Virology, Department of Plant SciencesWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  42. 42.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of WashingtonWashingtonUSA
  43. 43.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, and the Center for Predictive Medicine for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious DiseasesUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA
  44. 44.Department of Plant, Soil and Food SciencesUniversity of Bari Aldo MoroBariItaly
  45. 45.Biocentre Klein FlottbekUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  46. 46.FolkhalsomyndighetenStockholmSweden
  47. 47.Department of Plant Pathology, Irrigated Agricultural Research and Extension CenterWashington State UniversityProsserUSA
  48. 48.Evandro Chagas InstituteMinistry of HealthAnanindeuaBrazil
  49. 49.Department of Microbiology, Medical School, National Reference Centre for Arboviruses and Haemorrhagic Fever VirusesAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  50. 50.Centre for Emerging Zoonotic and Parasitic Diseases, National Institute for Communicable DiseasesNational Health Laboratory ServiceSandringhamSouth Africa
  51. 51.Department of Medical Virology, Centre for Viral Zoonoses, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  52. 52.Department of VirologyUniversity of Helsinki, MedicumHelsinkiFinland
  53. 53.Departamento de Biologia Celular, Universidade de BrasíliaBarsíliaBrazil
  54. 54.Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular, Centro Cientifico Technológico-La Plata, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas—Universidad Nacional de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  55. 55.Institut Pasteur de DakarDakarSenegal
  56. 56.Institute of Human VirologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  57. 57.Department of Planning and CoordinationNational Agriculture and Food Research OrganizationTsukubaJapan
  58. 58.MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus ResearchGlasgowUK
  59. 59.Asian Center for Bioresources and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  60. 60.Nuffield Department of MedicineUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  61. 61.Bioinformatics Scientific Institute IRCCS E. MEDEABosisio PariniItaly
  62. 62.Department of Microbiology, College of MedicineKorea UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  63. 63.Department of Microbiology, Immunology and PathologyColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  64. 64.Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, CNRTorinoItaly
  65. 65.Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Plant Virology, Institute of Plant VirologyFujian Agriculture and Forestry UniversityFuzhouChina
  66. 66.Department of Entomology and Plant PathologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  67. 67.Department of Plant PathologyNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  68. 68.Departamento de Fitopatologia/BIOAGROUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil
  69. 69.State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant ProtectionChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingChina
  70. 70.Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick (IRF-Frederick), Division of Clinical Research (DCR), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)National Institutes of Health (NIH)FrederickUSA

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