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Application of hydroclimatic drought indicators in the transboundary Prut River basin

  • Vera PotopováEmail author
  • Valeriu Cazac
  • Boris Boincean
  • Josef Soukup
  • Miroslav Trnka
Original Paper
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

The transboundary Prut River basin (PRB) is one of the most drought vulnerable areas in the Republic of Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. The main objective of this study was to identify the response of hydrological drought to climatic conditions and cropping practice in a region with insufficient water resources. The presented work takes advantage of the development of statistical tools to analyze existing data, as well as the collection of qualitative and quantitative hydroclimatic datasets for each sub-basin region. The study also provides survey results of the impacts of climate change on agricultural water management, including agricultural water requirements and water availability, and the transition of these impacts to cropping practice. The multi-dimensional attributes of hydrological drought are defined according to the standardized streamflow index (SSI) and water-level standardized anomaly index (SWI). The standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) was selected for the assessment of the impact of climate drought control on hydrological drought. The streamflow/water river level is determined more by the climatic water balance deficit of the previous 6 months than over longer periods. The lag times between climatic and hydrological drought are short, which can cause a hydrological drought to occur in the same season as the climatic drought that caused it. Summer streamflow droughts are most closely linked to SPEI in the same month. Summer streamflow drought in upstream areas can impact streamflow at the outlet within the same month. Winter streamflow droughts are related to longer SPEI accumulation periods resulting from snow cover. The synthesis of findings from the river basin shown that concurrent compound climate events have much more severe impact on crop failures compared to their individual occurrence. Adjustments to sowing time (15%), the introduction of more drought resistant cultivars (11%), the use of crop protection measures (9%), and shifting to new crops (8%) seem to be minor and moderate adaptation practices employed by farmers.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by project number 16.820.5107.01 of the Republic of Moldova (“Improving Drought and Flood Early Warning, Forecasting and Mitigation using real-time hydroclimatic indicators”—IMDROFLOOD) and by the European Commission financed under the ERA-NET Cofund WaterWorks2014 Call. This ERA-NET is an integral part of the 2015 Joint Activities developed by the Water Challenges for a Changing World Joint Programme Initiative (Water JPI). Potopová also acknowledges the COST Action CA17109 “Understanding and modeling compound climate and weather events” . MT was supported by Grant Agency of the Czech Republic project no. 16-16549S “Soil and hydrological drought”. We would like to extend a special thanks to the institutions that provided information for this study: the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry, the Ministry of Environment, State Hydrometeorologic Service of Moldova and Research Institute of Field Crops “Selectia”. Dr. Matthew Nicholls is kindly acknowledged for brushing up the English of the manuscript and fruitful suggestions to improve its scientific message.

Supplementary material

704_2019_2789_MOESM1_ESM.docx (799 kb)
ESM 1 The supplementary material presents the distribution of hydrological variables and additional results of the survey. (DOCX 798 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agroecology and BiometeorologyCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Hydrology Department/State Hydrometeorologic ServiceChisinauRepublic of Moldova
  3. 3.Research Institute of Field Crops “Selectia”BaltiRepublic of Moldova
  4. 4.Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of SciencesBrnoCzech Republic
  5. 5.Institute of Agrosystems and BioclimatologyMendel University in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic

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