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Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 136, Issue 3–4, pp 1157–1173 | Cite as

Characteristics of drought in Southern China under climatic warming, the risk, and countermeasures for prevention and control

  • Qiang ZhangEmail author
  • Yubi YaoEmail author
  • Ying Wang
  • Suping WangEmail author
  • Jinsong Wang
  • Jinhu Yang
  • Jing Wang
  • Yiping Li
  • Junlin Shang
  • Wenju Li
Original Paper

Abstract

The temporal and spatial characteristics of drought disasters in Southern China were analyzed by using the daily observation data from 252 meteorological stations and drought disaster data in 14 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities of Southern China during 1961–2015. The characteristics of drought disaster risk were determined, and the countermeasures for prevention and control were also suggested. The results showed that the annual precipitation fluctuated and has no obvious linear trend in Southern China in the past 55 years. However, the average annual precipitation decreased significantly and its oscillation amplitude is increasing in the early twenty-first century. The annual average temperature exhibited a significant upward trend in these years in the research area. The increasing rate was even higher than the global means. The temperature has increased since 1976, and an abrupt change was occurred in 1997. Area with high risk of drought was concentrated mainly in Southwest China. With the climatic warming, the drought frequency and intensity and the drought-affected areas have been increasing, as well as the risk of drought disaster. The risk area of secondary highest drought disaster expanded dramatically after 1997. In the future, the occurrence of droughts may increase in Southern China. Therefore, it is necessary to enhance risk management for drought disasters by implementing eco-environmental modifications in the vulnerable areas, as well as ensuring food security in the agricultural production areas, addressing the uneven spatial and temporal distributions of water resources and the discrepancy between supply and demand, and enhancing the prevention and control of drought disaster risk.

Notes

Funding information

This paper was financially supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2013CB430206), the Special Scientific Research Fund of Public Welfare Industry (Meteorological) of China (GYHY201506001-6), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41575149).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province/Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Disaster ReductionChina Meteorological Administration/Institute of Arid Meteorology, China Meteorological AdministrationLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Meteorological Bureau of DingxiDingxiChina
  3. 3.College of Atmospheric SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

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