Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 136, Issue 1–2, pp 775–789 | Cite as

Spatio-temporal trends in monthly pan evaporation in Aguascalientes, Mexico

  • Osias Ruiz-AlvarezEmail author
  • Vijay P. Singh
  • Juan Enciso-Medina
  • Clyde Munster
  • Ronald Kaiser
  • Ronald Ernesto Ontiveros-Capurata
  • Luis Antonio Diaz-Garcia
  • Carlos Antonio Costa dos Santos
Original Paper


Emission of greenhouse gases is being alleged to be causing climate change in different regions of the world. The objective of this study was to analyze the spatio-temporal trends of monthly evaporation at 52 weather stations in the state of Aguascalientes (Mexico) which have hydrometeorological records of long periods. The autocorrelation was eliminated with an auto-regressive model, and the trend was determined using the Spearman (S) and Kendall (K) tests. The statistical significance of the trend was determined with the Spearman correlation coefficient (rs) and the Z statistic (the test statistic of the normal distribution) both indicated that that there were statistically significant trends in 107 time series, of these 88 series had negative trends and 19 series had positive trends. Negative trends were present in all months of the year, while positive trends occurred from February to May and from October to December only. The reduction of evaporation from − 4.10 to − 20.50 mm/month/year from June to September showed a hopeful future scenario for rainfed agriculture. Irrigated agriculture during dry months could have a reduction of irrigation requirements as a consequence of the reduction in reference and crop evapotranspiration. The evaporation increase during dry months could increase irrigation requirements and pumping, mainly in March, April, and November when there are trends with increases of about 26.90, 24.60, and 23.90 mm/month/year, respectively. The spatial variability of evaporation trend means that other effects of climate change could vary in different parts of the state. Results of this study will be useful for farmers and institutions in charge of the administration of water resources for developing adaptation and mitigation strategies to climate change.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication June/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osias Ruiz-Alvarez
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vijay P. Singh
    • 3
  • Juan Enciso-Medina
    • 4
  • Clyde Munster
    • 3
  • Ronald Kaiser
    • 1
  • Ronald Ernesto Ontiveros-Capurata
    • 5
  • Luis Antonio Diaz-Garcia
    • 2
  • Carlos Antonio Costa dos Santos
    • 6
  1. 1.Water Management and Hydrological ScienceTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP)Pabellón de ArteagaMexico
  3. 3.Department of Biological and Agricultural EngineeringTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biological and Agricultural EngineeringTexas A&M AgriLife ResearchWeslacoUSA
  5. 5.CONACYT-Instituto Mexicano de Tecnología del Agua (IMTA)JiutepecMexico
  6. 6.Department of Atmospheric ScienceFederal University of Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil

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