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Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 133, Issue 3–4, pp 887–898 | Cite as

The analysis of aridity in Central Serbia from 1949 to 2015

  • Milica G. Radaković
  • Ivana Tošić
  • Nikola Bačević
  • Dragan Mladjan
  • Milivoj B. Gavrilov
  • Slobodan B. Marković
Original Paper

Abstract

In this study, we apply De Martonne and Pinna combinative indices to analyze the aridity in Central Serbia. Our dataset consists of mean monthly surface air temperature (MMT) and mean monthly precipitation (MMP) for 26 meteorological stations during the period 1949–2015. MMT and MMP are used for calculating monthly, seasonal, and annual aridity indices for period of 66 years. According to the De Martonne climate classification, we determine five, three, and four types of climate on the monthly, seasonal, and annual basis, respectively. During the observed period, winter was extremely humid, spring and autumn were humid, and summer was semi-humid. Humid and semi-humid climate with Mediterranean vegetation are identified by the annual Pinna combinative index. We find that there is no change in aridity trend in Central Serbia for the period 1949–2015. Aridity indices are additionally compared with the North Atlantic Oscillation and El-Niño South Oscillation in order to establish a possible connection with the large-scale processes. Results are further compared with several earlier studies of aridity in Serbia. With this study, the analysis of aridity in whole Serbia has become complete.

Keywords

Aridity De Martonne index Pinna Index Central Serbia Trends Interpolation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research paper was supported by Projects 176020 and 176013 of the Serbian Ministry of Education and Science. The authors are grateful to Dr. Momčilo M. Gavrilov for the support. The authors appreciate the suggestions of reviewers that led to an improvement of the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milica G. Radaković
    • 1
  • Ivana Tošić
    • 2
  • Nikola Bačević
    • 3
  • Dragan Mladjan
    • 4
  • Milivoj B. Gavrilov
    • 1
  • Slobodan B. Marković
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Physical Geography, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia
  2. 2.Institute of Meteorology, Faculty of PhysicsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences and MathematicsUniversity of PrištinaKosovska MitrovicaSerbia
  4. 4.Academy of Criminalistic and Police StudiesZemunSerbia

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