Advertisement

Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 123, Issue 1–2, pp 361–368 | Cite as

Surface air temperature changes from 1909 to 2008 in Southeast Asia assessed by factor analysis

  • Suree ChooprateepEmail author
  • Nittaya McNeil
Original Paper

Abstract

Monthly seasonally adjusted surface temperature patterns in Southeast Asia from 1909 to 2008 were studied. The area comprised 40 regions of 10° × 10° grid boxes in latitudes 25°S to 25°N and longitudes 75°E to 160°E. Temperatures were studied for three overlapping 36-year periods, the first period 1909–1944, the second period 1941–1976 and the third period 1973–2008. The data of each 36-year period were fitted to reduce autocorrelations at lags 1 and 2 months. Factor analysis was used to account for spatial correlation between grid boxes giving six contiguous layer regions. Simple linear regression models were fitted to data within these larger regions. Temperatures were found to have increased in five from six regions over the first period with the increases ranging from 0.005 to 0.148 °C per decade, in only three regions over the second period with the increases ranging from 0.008 to 0.150 °C per decade and in six regions over the third period with the increases ranging from 0.082 to 0.222 °C per decade.

Keywords

Detrended Fluctuation Analysis Western Pacific Ocean Surface Temperature Change Average Surface Temperature Simple Linear Regression Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Don McNeil, Macquarie University, Australia, for supervising our research and Graham Wood, the University of Warwick, UK, for his helpful suggestions.

References

  1. Brohan P, Kennedy JJ, Harris I, Tett SFB, Jones PD (2006) Uncertainty estimate in regional and global observed temperature changes: a new data set from 1850. J Geophys Res 111, D12106. doi: 10.1029/2005JD006548 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chatfield C (1996) The analysis of time series. Chapman & Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Chooprateep S, McNeil N (2014) Temperature changes in Southeast Asia: 1973–2008. Chiang Mai Univ J Nat Sci 13:105–116Google Scholar
  4. CRU (2009) Climatic Research Unit, http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/temperature. Downloaded 1 April 2010
  5. Cruz RV, Harasawa H, Lal M, Wu S, Anokhin Y, Punsalmaa B, Honda Y, Jafari M, Li C, Ninh NH (2007) Climate change 2007: The scientific basis contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Gong DY, Ho CH (2004) Intra-seasonal variability of wintertime temperature over East Asia. Int J Climatol 24:131–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hair JF, Black WC, Babin BJ, Anderson RE (2009) Multivariate data analysis. Prentice Hall, USAGoogle Scholar
  8. Hansen J, Sato M, Ruedy R, Lo K, Lea DW, Medina-Elizade M (2006) Global temperature change. PNAS 103:14288–14293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, Linden PJ, Dai X, Maskell K, Johnson CA (eds) (2001) Climate change 2001: the scientific basis: contribution of working group 1 to the third assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Jones PD, New M, Parker DE, Martin S, Rijor IG (1999) Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years. Rev Geophys 37:173–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kiraly A, Bartos I, Janosi IM (2006) Correlation properties of daily temperature anomalies over land. J Tellus Ser A 58:593–600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lean JL, Rind DH (2009) How will Earth’s surface temperature change in future decades? Geophys Res Lett 36, L15708. doi: 10.1029/2009Glo03892 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lee KL, Shen SSP, Bailey B (2009) Factor analysis for El Nino signals in sea surface temperature and precipitation. Theor Appl Climatol 97:195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McNeil N, Chooprateep S (2014) Modeling sea surface temperatures of the North Atlantic Ocean. Theor Appl Climatol 116:11–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Preston BL, Suppiah R, Macadam I, Bathols J (2006) Climate change in the Asia Pacific region. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research. Organisation, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  16. R Development Core Team (2009) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna http://www.R-project.org. Downloaded 1 November 2009
  17. Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) (2007) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis: contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science and TechnologyPrince of Songkla UniversityPattaniThailand

Personalised recommendations