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Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 131, Issue 6, pp 1763–1775 | Cite as

Interdecadal variations in winter extratropical anticyclones in East Asia and their impacts on the decadal mode of East Asian surface air temperature

  • Xiefei Zhi
  • Xiao TianEmail author
  • Peng Liu
  • Yaoxing Hu
Original Paper
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The interdecadal variations in extratropical anticyclone activity over East Asia during the winters of 1958–2013 were analysed using an objective identification and tracking algorithm for anticyclones. The influence of the interdecadal variation in anticyclone activity over the Mongolian Plateau on the interdecadal variation in East Asian surface air temperature and its possible mechanism was studied. The results showed that the Mongolian Plateau is the key region of anticyclonic activity in East Asia, and the occurrence frequency of anticyclones presented significantly opposite distribution forms in the higher and lower latitudes. An abrupt change in anticyclone activity over the Mongolian Plateau occurred in the late 1970s. From 1958 to the late 1970s, the main anticyclone activity occurred farther northward, whereas the activity was farther southward from the 1980s to 2013. Further study showed that in the period when the anticyclone occurrence frequency in the higher latitudes north of 50°N was lower (higher), while that in the lower latitudes south of 50°N was higher (lower), the surface air temperature of most parts of East Asia, especially the middle and high latitudes, was abnormally high (low). This was due to the anticyclonic activities, the Siberian high faded in the northwest part and expanded in southeast, while the East Asia trough and Ural Mountain blocking high weakened. This was also manifested as the variation in the geopotential height tendency forcing by transient waves. As the anticyclonic wave-breaking intensifies from western Mongolia to Northeast China, the high-frequency momentum flux over this area was significantly enhanced, strengthening the west wind in the higher latitudes from the north side and weakening the west wind in the middle latitudes from the south side. Under the combined force of the above activity, the southward movement of polar cold air was weakened, and the warm air in the middle and low latitudes was more easily transported to the north, resulting in warmer surface air temperatures over most parts of East Asia.

Keywords

East asian anticyclone Interdecadal variation East asian surface air temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Basic Research “973’’ Program of China (2012CB955200), Ph.D. Foundation Project of Tianjin Meteorological Bureau (201916bsjj02), and the Probability Forecast of Extended 10-15d Weather Based on Different multi-mode Integration Schemes (41575104). We are also grateful to the meteorological observatory of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology for providing the historical meteorological data. We also thank Professor Zhang Wenjun for his advice.

Supplementary material

703_2019_684_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 17 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tianjin Meteorological ObservatoryTianjinChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disasters, Ministry of Education (KLME)/Collaborative Innovation Center On Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters (CIC-FEMD)/Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC)/Science and Technology Innovation Team of East Asian Monsoon and Regional Climate ChangeNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina
  3. 3.Fuzhou Meteorological BureauFuzhouChina

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