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Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 131, Issue 6, pp 1723–1738 | Cite as

Cloud microphysical profile differences pertinent to monsoon phases: inferences from a cloud radar

  • Patra Sukanya
  • M. C. R. KalapureddyEmail author
Original Paper
  • 134 Downloads

Abstract

Microphysical evolution of tropical clouds in the core monsoon region of India is examined for the first time using ground-based cloud radar measurements. Combining high-resolution radar reflectivity (Z) profiles with empirical relations, cloud microphysical profiles in terms of cloud ice/liquid water content (IWC/LWC) during Indian summer monsoon (ISM) season are retrieved. Though the study is carried out using a point observation, it is shown that it represents the large-scale monsoon flow over the radar site. Cloud radar measurements during ISM period are classified into active and break ISM days. Radar-derived IWC profiles are validated against CloudSat, whereas LWC profiles are validated using the collocated microwave radiometer and microphysical observations from in situ aircraft measurements. The validated IWC and LWC profiles show significant differences between active and break ISM phases including their diurnal evolution. Larger (smaller) IWC values observed during active (break) days reveal the microphysical activity associated with the contrasting cloud vertical structure in the respective ISM phases. Observed discontinuity in the cloud vertical structure during break ISM days is attributed to the lack of moist convection. The significance of the present study lies in reporting the first ground-based radar measurements of cloud microphysical properties during active and break ISM period and discussing their distinctiveness.

Notes

Acknowledgements

IITM is an autonomous organization that is fully funded by MOES, Govt. of India. Authors are thankful to director, IITM, not only for his wholehearted support for strengthening the radar program but also for monitoring and mentoring the radar research to the next heights. The authors are highly indebted to G. Pandithurai for the discussions and encouragement provided on the research work. We are equally grateful to all those who were involved and helped in setting up and running the IITM’s Cloud Radar Facility. KaSPR design and development was done at M/s Prosensing. Authors are grateful to CAIPEEX team for the aircraft observations. The CloudSat data were obtained from their Web page at http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate.edu/data-products) and ERA-Interim data from the ECMWF (http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/). The data supporting this article can be requested to the IITM radar data portal or corresponding author (kalapureddy1@gmail.com). We are grateful to MAAP reviewers for their constructive comments and concern for quality that helped to hone the presentation outlook of this work and editor and their team for their all value services.

Supplementary material

703_2019_666_MOESM1_ESM.doc (174 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 174 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)PuneIndia
  2. 2.Atmospheric and Space Science DivisionSavtribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia

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