Journal of Neural Transmission

, Volume 126, Issue 12, pp 1589–1597 | Cite as

Mesenchymal stem cells inhibited the inflammation and oxidative stress in LPS-activated microglial cells through AMPK pathway

  • Dayong Cao
  • Haowen Qiao
  • Dejiao He
  • Xingping Qin
  • Qian Zhang
  • Yu ZhouEmail author
Neurology and Preclinical Neurological Studies - Original Article


Microglia are the resident mononuclear immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) and the activation of microglia contributes to the production of excessive neurotoxic factors. In particular, the overproduction of neurotoxic factors has critical effects on the development of brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. The human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) have blossomed into an effective approach with great potential for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and gliomas. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism behind the therapeutic effect of hBM-MSCs on the activation of microglia in vitro. Specifically, the hBM-MSCs significantly inhibited the proliferation of lipopolysaccharide-activated microglial cells (LPS)-activated microglial cells. Additionally, we investigated whether the adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase signaling (AMPK) pathway was involved in this process. Our data demonstrated that hBM-MSCs significantly increased the phosphorylated AMPK in LPS-activated microglial cells. In addition, our study indicated the inhibitory effect of hBM-MSCs on the pro-inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress by the AMPK pathway in LPS-activated microglial cells. These results could shed light on the understanding of the molecular basis for the inhibition of hBM-MSCs on LPS-activated microglial cells and provide a molecular mechanism for the hBM-MSCs implication in brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases.


Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells Activated microglial cells Adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dayong Cao
    • 1
  • Haowen Qiao
    • 2
  • Dejiao He
    • 3
  • Xingping Qin
    • 4
  • Qian Zhang
    • 5
  • Yu Zhou
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BurnsThe First People’s Hospital of ZhengzhouZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Basic Medical SciencesWuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of NephrologyRenmin Hospital of Wuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryRenmin Hospital of Wuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of OncologyThe First People’s Hospital of ZhengzhouZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Department of NeurosurgeryThe Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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