Persistent shunt dependency in children treated with CSF diversion for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

  • Tryggve LundarEmail author
  • Bernt Johan Due-Tønnessen
Original Article - Pediatric Neurosurgery
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Pediatric Neurosurgery


Long-term shunt dependency rates in children treated for IIH with CSF diversion have not been established. We therefore present our experience with 4 children shunted for Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) during the years 1988–2000 with very long-time follow-up. Two out of these patients have experienced late or very late episodes of severe shunt failure during the second or third decade after initial shunt treatment. They were all boys and may not be representative for IIH patients as a whole. Two of them appear, however, to be permanently shunt dependent, indicating that long-term shunt dependency in children treated for IIH with CSF diversion may be more common than previously expected.


Idiopathic intracranial hypertension Pediatric neurosurgery Shunt treatment Persistent shunt dependency 



Cerebrospinal fluid


Lumbar puncture


Idiopathic intracranial hypertension


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standard of the institutional and/or national research committee (REK) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryOslo University HospitalOsloNorway
  2. 2.University of OsloOsloNorway

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