Pseudoaneurysm of a segmental lumbar artery following a full-endoscopic transforaminal lumbar discectomy: a rare approach-related complication

  • Konstantinos Panagiotopoulos
  • Roberto GazzeriEmail author
  • Antonio Bruni
  • Umberto Agrillo
Case Report - Spine degenerative
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Spine degenerative


Full-endoscopic transforaminal lumbar discectomy is based on a puncture technique using a guide needle to reach the target area of the foramen via a percutaneous posterolateral/lateral approach. It may correlate with specific approach-related complications, as exiting nerve root injury. We report the first case of pseudoaneurysm of the lumbar segmental artery secondary to a transforaminal full-endoscopic surgery in the treatment of a lumbar herniated disc. A 39-year-old man underwent left L4-L5 full-endoscopic transforaminal lumbar discectomy for a herniated disc. Three hours after surgery, he experienced acute progressive abdominal pain. An abdomen CT scan showed contrast extravasation in the left paraspinal compartment at L4 vertebral body level. The selective left lumbar angiogram revealed a pseudoaneurysm of a side branch of the left lumbar segmental artery, which was treated by endovascular coiling. The patient made a rapid postoperative recovery without further complications and was discharged 4 days later. This report identifies a rare complication of transforaminal full-endoscopic surgery in the treatment of a herniated lumbar disc. To our knowledge this is the first case of pseudoaneurysm formation of the lumbar artery following a full-endoscopic transforaminal lumbar discectomy.


Full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy Percutaneous Transforaminal approach Vascular injury Lumbar pseudoaneurysm 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (San Giovanni Addolorata Ethical Committee) and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Patient consent

The patient has consented to the submission of the case report for submission to the journal.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgerySan Giovanni Addolorata HospitalRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of RadiologySan Giovanni Addolorata HospitalRomeItaly

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