Advertisement

Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 160, Issue 8, pp 1597–1601 | Cite as

Use of ultrasound and targeted physiotherapy in the management of a nerve suture performed under joint flexion

  • Mariano Socolovsky
  • Danilo Bataglia
  • Rafael Barousse
  • Javier Robla-Costales
Original Article - Peripheral Nerves
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Background

In 1915, when Delorme described three general requirements for successful nerve repair—(1) resecting scar until a healthy bed is secured, (2) excising damaged nerve until healthy stumps are reached, and (3) placing tension-free sutures, either by adequately mobilizing adjacent joints or nerve grafting—his work was heavily criticized. One century later, history has vindicated all but one of these claims. Flexing adjacent joints to avoid nerve grafts remains controversial, though this practice has increased in recent years.

Methods

An 11-year-old male suffered a penetrating domestic accident that resulted in complete foot drop. At surgery, a 6-cm gap was treated with direct nerve sutures, for which the knee was maintained in 60° flexion in a cast. To avoid damage to the nerve sutures, ultrasound and an intense, though cautious physiotherapy program were employed to guide the progression of knee extension.

Results

The patient started to show clear signs of peroneal motor function recovery within 3 months of surgical repair, and almost complete recovery by 4 months postoperatively.

Conclusions

Using physiotherapy and ultrasound might validate the classic joint-flexion technique in select patients with lower-limb nerve injuries.

Keywords

Nerve suture Nerve injury Joint flexion Immobilization Nerve ultrasound 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics board approval

All research procedures described in this paper were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from the individual included in the current study.

References

  1. 1.
    Abou-Al-Shaar H, Yoon N, Mahan MA (2018) Surgical repair of sciatic nerve traumatic rupture: technical considerations and approaches. Neurosurg Focus 44(VideoSuppl1):V3CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Addas BMJ, Midha R (2013) Técnica quirúrgica. Reparación del defecto: ¿Injertos nerviosos o tubos artificiales? In: Socolovsky M, Siqueira M, Malessy M (eds) Introducción a la cirugía de los Nervios Periféricos. Journal, Argentina, pp 101–113Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Delorme E (1915) The treatment of gunshot wounds of nerves. Br Med J 1(2837):853–855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Highet WB, Sanders FK (1943) The effects of stretching nerves after suture. Br J Surg 30:355–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martín Noguerol T, Barousse R, Socolovsky M, Luna A (2017) Quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) neurography for evaluation of peripheral nerves and plexus injuries. Quant Imaging Med Surg 7(4):398–421CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Millesi H (2006) Nerve grafting. In: Slutsky DJ, Hentz VR (eds) Peripheral nerve surgery: practical applications in the upper extremity, 1st edn. Churchill Livingstone Elservier, Philadelphia, p 34Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Peer S, Bodner G (2008) High-resolution sonography of the peripheral nervous system, 2nd revised edition. Springer, Frankfurt, pp 187–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peripheral Nerve & Plexus Program, Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Buenos Aires School of MedicineBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Peripheral Nerve & Plexus Program, Department of PhysiotherapyUniversity of Buenos Aires School of MedicineBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Centro Medico RossiBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Universidad de LeónLeónSpain

Personalised recommendations