Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 305, Issue 7, pp 521–530 | Cite as

Pollen morphology of the family Grossulariaceae and some taxonomical implication

  • Olga A. GavrilovaEmail author
  • Olga A. Tikhonova
Original Article


In this paper, we present results of palynomorphological studies of 45 species and 71 specimens of the family Grossulariaceae that are native or cultivated in the Russian Federation and adjacent regions. Pollen was studied with light microscopy, a confocal laser scanning microscope and a scanning electron microscope. Pollen grains of Ribes species are radially symmetrical and isopolar, spheroidal, rarely ellipsoidal and medium-sized (15 to 40 µm). We describe three pollen morphological types in the family: (1) 4-porate type in the subgenus Grossularioides, with echinate mesoporium and atectate exine; (2) 4-7-colporate with 6-12 endopori type in the subgenus Grossularia and the section Heritiera, with psilate, microperforate, rugulate or microechinate mesocolpium and tectate exine; and (3) 4-10-porate-orate type in R. inerme from the subgenus Grossularia and in all other currant taxa except section Heritiera, with psilate or rugulate mesoporium and tectate exine. Pollen data of all studied Ribes species attest to isolation of the family Grossulariaceae based on aperture types and fine pollen morphology; pollen types agree with some taxonomy groups. The content of subgenera and sections and position of some species are discussed.


Apertures Grossularia Ribes Sporoderm Systematics 



We are thankful to N. A. Pupkova (VIR) and Dr. A. Sh. Sabitov (DVOS VIR) for some plant material, to L. A. Karseva (BIN) for the assistance with SEM and to Dr. K. N. Demchenko (BIN) for the assistance with CLSM. The study was carried out within the framework of institutional research Projects No. AAA-A18-118031690084-9 of the Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and No. 0662-2019-0004 of the N. I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resourses and was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Nos. 15-04-06386. Equipment of the Resource Center of St. Petersburg State University “Development of Molecular and Cell Technologies” and microscopes of BIN Core resource center “Cellular and molecular technique for plants and fungi investigation” were used.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

606_2019_1590_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (60 kb)
Online Resource 1 List of analyzed specimens of the family Grossulariaceae and the taxa origin. (PDF 60 kb)
606_2019_1590_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (128 kb)
Online Resource 2 Morphological and morphometrical pollen features of studied species of the family Grossulariaceae. (PDF 127 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Komarov Botanical Institute RAS (BIN)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.N. I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resourses (VIR)St. PetersburgRussia

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