Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 305, Issue 1, pp 61–75 | Cite as

Phylogeny of Fargesia (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) and infrageneric adaptive divergence inferred from three cpDNA and nrITS sequence data

  • Yu-Qu Zhang
  • Yun Zhou
  • Xiao-Qi Hou
  • Lei Huang
  • Ju-Qing Kang
  • Jian-Qiang Zhang
  • Yi RenEmail author
Original Article


Fargesia, a temperate woody bamboo genus, is one of the largest genera and constitutes a taxonomically problematic group due to unusual life cycles and the rarity of flowering. We explored phylogenetic relationships within Fargesia and its allies based on sequence data from three cpDNA regions (matK, psbA-trnH and trnL-trnF) and one nuclear region (nrITS). A representative sample of 49 species, including 36 Fargesia and nine Yushania, were sampled, and maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of Fargesia. The results suggest that Fargesia is polyphyletic, with F. crassinoda and F. damuniu in the Thamnocalamus clade, F. ampullaris, F. semiorbiculata, F. gyirongensis and F. collaris in the Drepanostachyum + Himalayacalamus clade, and the rest of species of Fargesia and all sampled species of Yushania in a Fargesia + Yushania clade, which was further divided into weakly supported Fargesia spathe and non-spathe clades. Species in the Fargesia spathe clade have the derived “spathe-like leaf sheath syndrome,” which may have evolved as a result of an adaptive advantage of compressed inflorescences in colder temperatures.


Adaptive evolution Divergence Fargesia Infrageneric phylogeny Yushania 



This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31570221).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of “Phylogeny of Fargesia (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) and infrageneric adaptive divergence inferred from three cpDNA and nrITS sequence data” declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (NEX 138 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (PDF 299 kb)
606_2018_1551_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (287 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 286 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Qu Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yun Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiao-Qi Hou
    • 1
  • Lei Huang
    • 1
  • Ju-Qing Kang
    • 1
  • Jian-Qiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Yi Ren
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical GardenChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina

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