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Cathodic electrodeposited Cu-BTC MOFs assembled from Cu(II) and trimesic acid for electrochemical determination of bisphenol A

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Abstract

The authors describe a novel electrochemical determination method for bisphenol A (BPA) based on the electrosynthesised Cu-BTC (H3BTC: trimesic acid) films. Using H3BTC as the ligand, Cu(NO3)2 as the precursor of copper ions, and triethylamine hydrochloride (Et3NHCl) as the probase source, Cu-BTC films were directly deposited on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface via cathodic electrochemical reduction under −1.30 V. Considering the electrocatalytic activity of metal center Cu2+, Cu-BTC films were applied to construct the electrochemical determination platform for BPA. Chronocoulometry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to study the signal enhancement mechanism. The determination conditions were optimized. As a result, a sensitive electrochemical method was constructed for BPA. The peak currents, best measured at voltage of 0.496 V vs. SCE (KCl saturated calomel reference electrode), increase linearly in the range from 5.0 to 2000 nM. The value of determination limit is 0.72 nM. The proposed method was successfully applied to determine BPA in spiked urine, spiked waste water samples and plastic products. The results were in good agreement with those obtained for the same samples by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Schematics for the construction of electrochemical determination for bisphenol A.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (No. 2019CFB248) and the Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Hubei Province (Nos. Q20192808, Q20192809).

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Correspondence to Liudi Ji.

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Hu, P., Zhu, X., Luo, X. et al. Cathodic electrodeposited Cu-BTC MOFs assembled from Cu(II) and trimesic acid for electrochemical determination of bisphenol A. Microchim Acta 187, 145 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-020-4124-z

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Keywords

  • Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)
  • Electrochemical synthesis
  • Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs)
  • Voltammetry
  • Enhancement mechanism
  • Urine
  • Waste water
  • Plastic products
  • On-line monitoring