Microchimica Acta

, 186:728 | Cite as

Fluorometric determination of aflatoxin B1 using a labeled aptamer and gold nanoparticles modified with a complementary sequence acting as a quencher

  • Chao Wang
  • Yapiao Li
  • Ce Zhou
  • Qiang ZhaoEmail author
Original Paper


A fluorometric aptamer based assay is described for rapid and sensitive detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). It is making use of a fluorescein (FAM) labeled anti-AFB1 aptamer and complementary DNA-modified gold nanoparticles (GNPs). In the absence of AFB1, the FAM-labeled aptamers hybridize with complementary DNA strands that were covalently immobilized on GNPs. This results in quenching of the green fluorescence (with excitation/emission peaks at 485/525 nm). In the presence of AFB1, the aptamer probe binds AFB1 and is released from the GNPs. Hence, fluorescence is restored. Under optimized conditions, AFB1 in the concentration range from 61 pM to 4.0 μM can be detected, and the detection limit is 61 pM. This assay is highly selective for AFB1. It was applied to the determination of AFB1 spiked into 50-fold diluted wine and 20-fold diluted beer.

Graphical abstract

Schematic presentation of fluorometric detection of AFB1 using a fluorescein (FAM) labeled anti-AFB1 aptamer and complementary DNA-modified gold nanoparticles (GNPs).


Fluorescent probe Mycotoxin Food safety Envrionmental analysis Fluorophore Nanomaterials Fluorescence quenching Nanoprobe 



We thanked the support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21575153, 21435008, 21874146) and Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB14030200).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3838_MOESM1_ESM.doc (736 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 736 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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