Microchimica Acta

, 186:678 | Cite as

Bio template route for fabrication of a hybrid material composed of hierarchical boehmite, layered double hydroxides (Mg-Al) and porous carbon on a steel fiber for solid phase microextraction of agrochemicals

  • Mir Mahdi AbolghasemiEmail author
  • Hamid Amirifard
  • Marzieh Piryaei
Original Paper


Nanosheets of a porous layered double hydroxide were directionally arranged on boehmite nanowires and porous carbon and used as a coating for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method. Porous carbon tubes were prepared from goat grass and then coated with layered double hydroxide nanosheets and boehmite nanowires. The nanomaterial was placed on a stainless-steel wire which then was used for the extraction of fifteen agrochemicals from aqueous sample solutions. The extraction temperature, extraction time, ionic strength, stirring rate, and desorption temperature and time were optimized. Following thermal desorption of the agrochemicals in the injector of the gas chromatograph, they were quantified by GC/MS. Under optimum conditions, the repeatability for one fiber, expressed as relative standard deviation, was between 2.9 and 11.1%. The detection limits for the agrochemicals are between 2–29 ng L−1. The method is simple, fast, and inexpensive (in terms of equipment). The fiber is thermally stable, and the relative recoveries from spiked samples are better compared to conventional methods of extraction.

Graphical abstract

Schematic illustration of the preparation of three-dimensional hierarchical boehmite/ layered double hydroxides/ porous carbon (Boeh/LDH/pC) SPME fibers and application for the extraction of fifteen agrochemicals from aqueous sample solutions following quantification by GC/MS.


Pesticides Goat grass Nanosheets Boehmite Nanomaterials Solid phase microextraction Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry 


Supplementary material

604_2019_3782_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1617 kb)


  1. 1.
    Ramimoghadam D, Bin Hussein M, Taufiq-Yap Y (2013) Hydrothermal synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using rice as soft biotemplate. Chem Cent J 7:136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang D, Zhang W, Gu J, Zhu S, Su H, Liu Q, Fan T, Ding J, Guo Q (2010) Bio-inspired functional materials templated from nature materials. KONA Powder Part J 28:116–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Seeman NC (2003) DNA in a material world. Nature 421:427–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Slocik JM, Kim SN, Whitehead TA, Clark DS, Naik RR (2009) Biotemplated metal nanowires using Hyperthermophilic protein filaments. Small 5:2038–2042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wine Y, Cohen-Hadar N, Lamed R, Freeman A, Frolow F (2009) Modification of protein crystal packing by systematic mutations of surface residues: implications on biotemplating and crystal porosity. Biotechnol Bioeng 104:444–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fowler CE, Shenton W, Stubbs G, Mann S (2001) Tobacco mosaic virus liquid crystals as templates for the interior Design of Silica Mesophases and Nanoparticles. Adv Mater 13:1266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davis SA, Patel HM, Mayes EL, Mendelson NH, Franco G, Mann S (1998) Brittle bacteria: a biomimetic approach to the formation of fibrous composite materials. Chem Mater 10:2516–2524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    He J, Toyoki Kunitake A, Nakao A et al (2003) Facile in situ synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles in porous cellulose fibers. Chem Mater 15:4401–4406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li J, Zhang N, Ng DHL (2015) Synthesis of a 3D hierarchical structure of γ-AlO (OH)/mg–Al-LDH/C and its performance in organic dyes and antibiotics adsorption. J Mater Chem A 3:21106–21115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lambropoulou DA, Albanis TA (2001) Optimization of headspace solid-phase microextraction conditions for the determination of organophosphorus insecticides in natural waters. J Chromatogr A 922:243–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mee Kin C, Guan Huat T (2010) Headspace solid-phase microextraction for the evaluation of pesticide residue contents in cucumber and strawberry after washing treatment. Food Chem 123:760–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bagheri H, Amanzadeh H, Yamini Y, Masoomi MY, Morsali A, Salar-Amoli J, Hassan J (2018) A nanocomposite prepared from a zinc-based metal-organic framework and polyethersulfone as a novel coating for the headspace solid-phase microextraction of organophosphorous pesticides. Microchim Acta 185:62. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Menezes Filho A, dos Santos FN, Pereira PAD (2010) Development, validation and application of a method based on DI-SPME and GC–MS for determination of pesticides of different chemical groups in surface and groundwater samples. Microchem J 96(1):139–145. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bordagaray A, García-Arrona R, illán E (2013) Development and application of a screening method for triazole fungicide determination in liquid and fruit samples using solid-phase microextraction and HPLC-DAD. Anal Methods 5(10):2565–2571. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MaraghehMaraghehIran

Personalised recommendations