Microchimica Acta

, 186:664 | Cite as

Nanoporous noble metal-based alloys: a review on synthesis and applications to electrocatalysis and electrochemical sensing

Review Article


This review (with 141 refs) summarizes the state of the art in the preparation, electrocatalytic and electrochemical sensing applications of 3D porous nanomaterials derived from noble metal-based alloys. The introduction discusses the significance of such materials as electrocatalysts in fuel cells and electrochemical sensors due to their specific advantages. The next large section covers strategies to fabricate nanoporous noble metal-based alloys (including chemical dealloying and electrochemical dealloying, templated-based methods and assembly methods). We then review representative applications of nanoporous noble metal-based alloys in electrocatalysis in fuel cells (methanol, ethanol, formic acid and oxygen). A final section covers electrochemical sensors for small biomolecules (glucose, hydrogen peroxide, dopamine, ascorbic acid, uric acid, nitrite, drugs, etc.). Representative Tables are given that provide a rapid overview on the numerous kinds of materials and applications. A concluding section summarizes the current status, addresses current challenges, and gives an outlook on potential future trends.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of synthesis and applications of nanoporous noble metal-based alloys. The preparation methods include dealloying, templated and assembly method. The unique porous structure and synergistic effect among alloy atoms greatly enhance their electrocatalytic activity and electrochemical sensing ability.


Dealloying Templated method Assembly method Methanol oxidation Ethanol oxidation Formic acid oxidation Oxygen reduction Glusose Hygrogen peroxide Synergistic effect 



This work was supported by the Shandong Provincial Natural Science Joint Found with Universities and Scientific Research Institution (ZR2018LB022), A Project of Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program (J18KA097) and Special Project of International Cooperative Research (QLUTGJHZ2018015).

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biobased Material and Green Papermaking, College of Food Science and EngineeringQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanPeople’s Republic of China

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