Microchimica Acta

, 186:649 | Cite as

Bioinspired 2D carbon sheets decorated with MnFe2O4 nanoparticles for preconcentration of inorganic arsenic, and its determination by ICP-OES

  • Hilal AhmadEmail author
  • Uzma Haseen
  • Khalid UmarEmail author
  • Mohd Shaban Ansari
  • Mohamad Nasir Mohamad Ibrahim
Original Paper


The authors describe a method for solvent-free mechano-chemical synthesis of a bioinspired sorbent. A 2D ultra-thin carbon sheet similar to graphene oxide was prepared using a natural waste (onion sheet). The formation of 2D carbon sheets was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ATR-IR. The surface morphology was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution tunneling electron microscopy. The carbon sheets were decorated with crystalline MnFe2O4 nanoparticles by solid-state reaction at room temperature. The presence of magnetic particles in the final product was confirmed by vibrating sample magnetometry and electron microscopy. The synergistic effect of carbon sheets and MnFe2O4 led to an enhanced sorption of arsenic species compared to bare carbon sheets or to MnFe2O4 nanoparticles. A column was prepared for the simultaneous preconcentration and determination of trace levels of As(III) and As(V) from water samples. The preconcentration factors are between 900 and 833 for As(III) and As(V) species, respectively. The linearity of the calibration plot ranges from 0.4–10 ng mL−1. The detection limits (at 3σ) for both As(III) and As(V) are 30 pg mL−1. The Student’s t values for the analysis of spiked samples are lower than the critical Student’s t values at a 95% confidence level. The recoveries from spiked water samples range between 99 and 102.8%.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of the preparation of carbon sheets similar to graphene oxide from onion sheaths after pyrolysis at 800 °C. The prepared carbon sheet-MnFe2O4 composite shows excellent arsenic sorption and preconcentration down to the pg mL−1 concentration.


Arsenic Removal Biomaterial Extraction Toxicity 


Author’s contributions

H.A and U.H designed the study, analysed the data and wrote the manuscript. K.U and M.S.A performed the experiments and provided the results. H.A, K.U and M.N.A.I discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3753_MOESM1_ESM.docx (158 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 153 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Computational Physics, Institute for Computational ScienceTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied SciencesTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  4. 4.School of Chemical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPulau PinangMalaysia
  5. 5.Department of Applied ChemistryAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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