Gold nanoparticle-based detection of dopamine based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer between a 4-(4-dialkylaminostyryl)pyridinium derived fluorophore and citrate-capped gold nanoparticles
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A colorimetric/fluorometric dual-signal assay is described for the determination of dopamine (DA). A nanoprobe was obtained by linking a 4-(4-dialkylaminostyryl)pyridinium derived fluorophore to citrate-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The fluorescence of the fluorophore is quenched by the AuNPs via fluorescence resonance energy transfe. In the presence of DA, the catechol group of DA can absorb on the surface of AuNPs to induce aggregation, which is accompanied by a color change from red to blue. The yellow fluorescence of the fluorophore with excitation/emission maximum at 365/570 nm is recovered. The dual-signal detection allows the quantitative analysis of DA within 300 μM by the colorimetric method and 80 μM by the fluorometric method. The detection limits for the colorimetric/fluorometric methods are 1.85 μM and 0.29 μM, respectively. Quantitative determination of DA in spiked urine samples was successfully demonstrated, with recoveries ranging from 98.2 to 106.0%.
KeywordsDual-signal probe Colorimetry Fluorometry Turn-on Urine samples
We sincerely acknowledge the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81701766 and 81702998).
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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