Microchimica Acta

, 186:614 | Cite as

A boron nitride electrode modified with a nanocomposite prepared from an ionic liquid and tungsten disulfide for voltammetric sensing of 4-aminophenol

  • Xinli Li
  • Zhiying Niu
  • Zhenfeng Lin
  • Yuan Qin
  • Jingxi Xu
  • Huayu HuangEmail author
  • Liancheng WangEmail author
  • Jianjian Zhang
  • Zhigang Xu
Original Paper


Boron nitride (BN) was used as a support and covered with an ionic liquid (IL) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanoparticles to obtain an electrode for the determination of 4-aminophenol (4-AP). BN was prepared using a “solvent cutting” method, and the BN-IL-WS2 nanocomposite was obtained by an ultrasonic method. BN and its hybrids were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. When the BN-IL-WS2 composites were coated on the surface of the electrode, the response to 4-AP was strongly amplified due to the strong synergetic effect between the three materials. The voltammetric response of the modified sensor (with a maximum at 0.29 V vs. Ag/AgCl) in solutions with a pH of 6 is linear in the 0.01–50 μΜ 4-AP concentration range, and the limit of detection is 3 nM. A modified glassy carbon electrode was applied for the determination of 4-AP in seawater and dispersions containing paracetamol tablets. The results were consistent with those obtained by HPLC.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of the voltammetric determination process of 4-aminophenol (4-AP). The electrochemical sensor based on the glassy carbon electrode modified with boron nitride (BN), ionic liquid (IL) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanomaterials. They, exhibit an excellent performance compared with other electrodes.


Nanomaterials Dichalcogenide Phenol Electrochemical detection Sensor 



This work was supported by the State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy Sciences (SKLCS-OP-2019-02).

Compliance with ethical standards

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3725_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.7 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2.67 MB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, College of Urban and Environmental ScienceNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and ResourcesChinese Academy SciencesLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Institute of Coal ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesTaiyuanChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Modern Separation Science Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province, College of Chemistry & Materials ScienceNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  5. 5.Institute for Clean Energy and Advanced Materials, Faculty of Materials and EnergySouthwest UniversityChongqingChina

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