Microchimica Acta

, 186:459 | Cite as

Chitosan-based sorbent for efficient removal and extraction of ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin from aqueous solutions

  • Mahsa Nazraz
  • Yadollah YaminiEmail author
  • Hamid Asiabi
Original Paper


Nanosheets prepared from magnesium oxide, chitosan and graphene oxide (MgO/Chit/GO) were hydrothermally synthesized and used as a sorbent for removal of ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin from aqueous solutions. Residual antibiotics in sample were determined by HPLC/UV instrument. The sorbent was characterized by FTIR, XRD, BET, SEM, and TEM. Its high adsorption capacity is attributed to the high surface area (294 m2.g−1) as compared to bare MgO/chit or bare GO. The pore size of the mesoporous sorbent typically is 15 Å. The adsorption isotherms for the two model antibiotics studied (norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin) can be described with the Langmuir model, and the maximum adsorption capacities are 1111 and 1000 mg.g−1 for ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin, respectively. The analysis of the kinetic data revealed that the synthesized sorbent followed pseudo-second-order kinetics and the maximum equilibrium was at over 120 and 150 min for ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin, respectively. Therefore, it is introduced as an economical, eco- friendly, and high-performance sorbent for removal of antibiotics from aqueous solutions.

Graphical abstract

Schematic presentation of dispersion of magnesium oxide/chitosan/graphene oxide (MgO/chit/GO) nanosheets in waste water for removal of ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin as water pollutants.


High-performance removal Drug extraction Adsorption Green synthesis Nanosheet Magnesium oxide Graphene oxide 



The authors are grateful for the financial support from Tarbiat Modares University.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3563_MOESM1_ESM.docx (411 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 410 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran

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