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Microchimica Acta

, 186:482 | Cite as

Non-enzymatic electrochemical hydrogen peroxide sensing using a nanocomposite prepared from silver nanoparticles and copper (II)-porphyrin derived metal-organic framework nanosheets

  • Junping Ma
  • Wushuang Bai
  • Jianbin ZhengEmail author
Original Paper
  • 167 Downloads

Abstract

A non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) electrochemical sensor material was prepared from silver nanoparticles and a 2D copper-porphyrin framework (MOF). The structure and morphology of the nanocomposite were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that the MOF has a two-dimensional sheet structure, and a large number of Ag NPs are uniformly attached to it. The MOF also acts as a peroxidase mimic. The sensor has excellent catalytic performance in terms of H2O2 reduction. Figures of merit include (a) an electrochemical sensitivity of 21.6 μA mM−1 cm−2 at a typical working potential of −0.25 V (vs. SCE), (b) a detection limit of 1.2 μM (at S/N = 3), and (c) a linear response range that extends from 3.7 μM to 5.8 mM. Compared to other sensors of the same type, the linear range of the sensor is extended by an order of magnitude.

Graphical abstract

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) on the surface of copper(II)-porphyrin (Cu-TCPP) nanosheets prepared with the assistance of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). Their synergistic effect improved the performance of H2O2 sensor fabricated by immobilizing Ag NPs/Cu-TCPP nanocomposites on glassy carbon electrodes (GCE).

Keywords

Surfactant-assisted synthetic method Hydrogen peroxide sensor Peroxidase mimic Metal organic framework Porphyrin Silver nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of this project by the National Science Foundation of China (No. 21575113), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province in China (No. 2017JM2036, 2018JQ2029), and the Fostering Foundation of Northwest University for the Excellent Ph.D. Dissertation (No. YYB17012), and Northwest University Graduate Innovation and Creativity Funds (No.YZZ17125).

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3551_MOESM1_ESM.docx (178 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 177 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical ChemistryNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.College of Food Science and Engineering, Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical ChemistryNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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