Microchimica Acta

, 186:452 | Cite as

Cellulose acetate beads modified with cadmium sulfide and Methylene blue for adsorbent-assisted photoelectrochemical detection of copper(II) ions

  • Izwaharyanie Ibrahim
  • Hong Ngee LimEmail author
  • Nay Ming Huang
Original Paper


A multi-functional hybrid of cellulose acetate with cadmium sulfide and Methylene blue (CA/CdS/MB) in a bead composition was synthesized and investigated as a photosensor-adsorbent for the rapid, selective, and sensitive detection, and adsorption of Cu(II) ions. These hybrid CA-modified beads are composed of multiple adsorption active sites and possess a surface area of 58 cm2 g−1. They are an efficient adsorbent with a maximum adsorption capacity of 0.57 mg g−1. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) detection of Cu(II) was accomplished by modifying the beads on a glassy carbon electrode. The beads containing 20 mmol of sulfur displayed the widest linear analytical range (0.1–290 nM) and the lowest detection limit (16.9 nM) for Cu(II) with high selectivity and reliable reproducibility. The successful application of the beads has provided a new insight for the selection of a responsive photoactive material for a PEC assay, as well as an effective adsorbent material for Cu(II) ions.

Graphical abstract

A multi-functional hybrid of cellulose acetate with cadmium sulfide and Methylene blue (CA/CdS/MB) in a bead composition was synthesized and investigated as a photosensor-adsorbent for the rapid, selective and sensitive detection and adsorption of Cu(II) ions.


Adsorption Photoelectrochemical assay Dual-functional Photosensor-adsorbent Cellulose acetate/cadmium sulfide/methylene blue Copper ions 



The research work was supported by FRGS MRSA (UPM/700-2/1/FRGS/MRSA/5524986) from the Ministry of Education of Malaysia.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3547_MOESM1_ESM.docx (8.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 8.17 mb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izwaharyanie Ibrahim
    • 1
  • Hong Ngee Lim
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nay Ming Huang
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced TechnologyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of New Energy Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Chemical EngineeringXiamen University MalaysiaSepangMalaysia
  4. 4.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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