Microchimica Acta

, 186:432 | Cite as

Magnetic fiber headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to GC-MS for the extraction and quantitation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

  • Fahimeh Rasolzadeh
  • Payman HashemiEmail author
Original Paper


A technique was developed for magnetic fiber headspace-solid phase microextraction (MF-HS-SPME) of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The efficiency of the extraction of a steel SPME fiber coated with an aminoethyl-functionalized SBA-15 (Santa Barbara Amorphous 15; a nanoporous sorbent) is substantially improved after its magnetization during HS-SPME. The effects of magnetic field strength, extraction temperature, extraction time, moisture content of the sample, desorption time and desorption temperature were optimized using a simplex method. The application of a moderately strong magnetic field to the fiber results in up to 135% increase in the extraction efficiency and wider linear dynamic ranges. The PAHs (specifically naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene and pyrene) were then quantified by GC-MS analysis. Comparison of an electromagnet and a permanent magnet indicated the superior effect of the permanent magnet for the target analytes due to the Ohmic heating of the magnetic coil and its negative effect on the extraction of some of the PAHs. The limits of detections of the PAHs are between 0.17 to 0.57 ng g−1 by using the electromagnet, and between 0.10 and 0.32 ng g−1 for the permanent magnet. Relative standard deviations of 2.9 to 7.6% were obtained for six replicated analyses of the analytes. The method was applied to some polluted soil samples, and satisfactory results were obtained.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of the designed magnetic fiber headspace solid-phase microextraction (MF-HS-SPME) system using (a) an electromagnet, (b) a pair of permanent disc magnets.


Magnetism Solid-phase microextraction Nanoporous sorbent Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Soil 


Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceLorestan UniversityKhoramabadIran

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