Microchimica Acta

, 186:289 | Cite as

A review on nanomaterial-based electrochemical, optical, photoacoustic and magnetoelastic methods for determination of uranyl cation

  • Leila FarzinEmail author
  • Mojtaba ShamsipurEmail author
  • Shahab Sheibani
  • Leila Samandari
  • Zahra Hatami
Review Article


This review (with 177 refs) gives an overview on nanomaterial-based methods for the determination of uranyl ion (UO22+) by different types of transducers. Following an introduction into the field, a first large section covers the fundamentals of selective recognition of uranyl ion by receptors such as antibodies, aptamers, DNAzymes, peptides, microorganisms, organic ionophores (such as salophens, catechols, phenanthrolines, annulenes, benzo-substituted macrocyclic diamides, organophosphorus receptors, calixarenes, crown ethers, cryptands and β-diketones), by ion imprinted polymers, and by functionalized nanomaterials. A second large section covers the various kinds of nanomaterials (NMs) used, specifically on NMs for electrochemical signal amplification, on NMs acting as signal tags or carriers for signal tags, on fluorescent NMs, on NMs for colorimetric assays, on light scattering NMs, on NMs for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based assays and wireless magnetoelastic detection systems. We then discuss detection strategies, with subsections on electrochemical methods (including ion-selective and potentiometric systems, voltammetric systems and impedimetric systems). Further sections treat colorimetric, fluorometric, resonance light scattering-based, SERS-based and photoacoustic methods, and wireless magnetoelastic detection. The current state of the art is summarized, and current challenges are discussed at the end.

Graphical abstract

An overview is given on nanomaterial-based methods for the detection of uranyl ion by different types of transducers (such as electrochemical, optical, photoacoustic, magnetoelastic, etc) along with a critical discussion of their limitations, benefits and application to real samples.


Actinides Bioreceptors Functionalized nanomaterials Ion imprinted polymers Organic ionophores Point-of-care detection 



The authors greatly appreciate the support of this work by Research Councils of Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute and Razi University.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radiation Application Research SchoolNuclear Science and Technology Research InstituteTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryRazi UniversityKermanshahIran

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