An impedimetric biosensor for E. coli O157:H7 based on the use of self-assembled gold nanoparticles and protein G
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Two kinds of electrochemical impedimetric biosensors for the detection of E. coli O157:H7 are described and compared. They were fabricated using self-assembled layers of thiolated protein G (PrG-thiol) on (i) planar gold electrodes and (ii) gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) modified gold electrodes. The fabrications of the biosensors were characterized using cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy techniques. The modification of the planar gold electrode by Au NPs via self-assembled monolayer of 1,6-hexadithiol as a linker molecule increased the electrochemically active surface area by about 2.2 times. The concentration of PrG-thiol and its incubation time, as well as the concentration of IgG were optimized. The Au NP-based biosensor exhibited a limit of detection of 48 colony forming unit (cfu mL−1) which is 3 times lower than that of the planar gold electrode biosensor (140 cfu mL−1). It also showed a wider dynamic range (up to 107 cfu mL−1) and sensitivity. The improved analytical performance of the Au NP-modified biosensor is ascribed to the synergistic effect between the Au NPs and the PrG-thiol scaffold. The biosensor exhibited high selectivity for E. coli O157:H7 over other bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium.
KeywordsElectrochemical impedance spectroscopy Gold nanoparticles Oriented antibody immobilization E. Coli Pathogen detection Biosensor
The authors acknowledge the support from the NRC-Nanotechnology Research Centre, Defence Research and Development Canada – Suffield Research Centre, and Defence Research and Development Canada Technology Development Fund.
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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