Microchimica Acta

, 186:131 | Cite as

Hybrid nanocomposites prepared from a metal-organic framework of type MOF-199(Cu) and graphene or fullerene as sorbents for dispersive solid phase extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

  • Amirhassan AmiriEmail author
  • Ferial Ghaemi
  • Behrooz Maleki
Original Paper


Different types of hybrid nanocomposites were prepared from a copper-based metal-organic framework (MOF-199) and graphene (Gr) or fullerene (Fl). The porosity and quality of the nanocomposites were studied by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and BET surface area analysis. The nanocomposites are shown to be viable sorbents for the dispersive micro solid phase extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from environmental water samples. This is due to (a) the presence of MOF-199 which leads to improved adsorption capacity, and (b) the presence of Gr or Fl on the surface of MOF-199 which enhances the interaction with PAHs. Specifically, acenaphthene, anthracene, benz[a]anthracene, fluorene, naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, and pyrene were studied. A comparison of the sorbents shows MOF-199/Gr to possess the highest adsorption affinity and to be most durable, probably a result of the high porosity of graphene. Following desorption with acetonitrile, the PAHs were quantified by GC with FID detection. Under the optimum conditions, limits of detection (at an S/N ratio of 3) range from 3 to 10 pg mL−1, and the analytical ranges are linear at 0.01–100 ng mL−1 of PAHs. The relative standard deviations for five replicates at two spiking levels (0.03 and 50 ng mL−1) range from 5.0 to 7.4%. The applicability of this method was confirmed by analyzing spiked real water samples, and recoveries are between 91.9 and 99.5%.

Graphical abstract

Different types of the hybrid nanocomposites of the copper-based metal-organic framework MOF-199 with graphene or fullerene were synthesized and used as sorbent for the dispersive micro solid phase extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in environmental water samples.


Nanomaterial Copper nitrate trihydrate 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid Gas chromatography Adsorption River water, well water, tap water, wastewater 



The authors thank the Research Council of Hakim Sabzevari University for their financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3246_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1.00 mb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of SciencesHakim Sabzevari UniversitySabzevarIran
  2. 2.Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest ProductsUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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