Microchimica Acta

, 185:501 | Cite as

Nitrogen-rich core-shell structured particles consisting of carbonized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks and reduced graphene oxide for amperometric determination of hydrogen peroxide

  • Zehui Li
  • Yuheng Jiang
  • Zhuoya Wang
  • Wenbo Wang
  • Yi Yuan
  • Xiaoxue Wu
  • Xingchen Liu
  • Mingjie Li
  • Sobia Dilpazir
  • Guangjin Zhang
  • Dongbin Wang
  • Chenming Liu
  • Jingkun JiangEmail author
Original Paper


Core-shell structured particles were prepared from carbonized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The particles possess a nitrogen content of up to 10.6%. The loss of nitrogen from the ZIF is avoided by utilizing the reduction and agglomeration of graphene oxide with suitable size (>2 μm) during pyrolysis. The resulting carbonized ZIF@rGO particles were deposited on a glassy carbon electrode to give an amperometric sensor for H2O2, typically operated at a voltage of −0.4 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The sensor has a wide detection range (from 5 × 10−6 to 2 × 10−2 M), a 3.3 μM (S/N = 3) detection limit and a 0.272 μA·μM−1·cm−2 sensitivity, much higher than that of directly carbonized ZIFs. The sensor material was also deposited on a screen-printed electrode to explore the possibility of application.

Graphical abstract

Nitrogen doped carbon (NC) derived from carbonized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks is limited because of low nitrogen content. Here, nitrogen-rich NC@reduced graphene oxide (rGO) core-shell structured particles are described. The NC@rGO particles show distinctly better H2O2 detection performance than NC.


Electrochemical sensor Electrocatalyst Nitrogen doped carbon H2O2 Screen-printed electrode 



Financial supports from the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0200102), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91643201 & 51608509 & 91545125 & U1662121) and Tsinghua Qingfeng Scholarship (THQF2018-16) are acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_3032_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1740 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zehui Li
    • 1
  • Yuheng Jiang
    • 2
  • Zhuoya Wang
    • 3
  • Wenbo Wang
    • 4
  • Yi Yuan
    • 3
  • Xiaoxue Wu
    • 1
  • Xingchen Liu
    • 1
  • Mingjie Li
    • 5
  • Sobia Dilpazir
    • 4
  • Guangjin Zhang
    • 4
  • Dongbin Wang
    • 1
  • Chenming Liu
    • 4
  • Jingkun Jiang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Materials Science & EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of chemical & Environmental EngineeringChina University of Mining & TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Process Pollution Control Division of Environmental Technology and Engineering, Institute of Process EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Qingdao Institute of Biomass Energy and Bioprocess TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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