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Microchimica Acta

, 185:411 | Cite as

2D MoSe2 sheets embedded over a high surface graphene hybrid for the amperometric detection of NADH

  • Karunagaran Selvarani
  • Amrutha Prabhakaran
  • Palaniappan Arumugam
  • Sheela Berchmans
  • Pranati Nayak
Original Paper
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Delaminated 2D sheets of MoSe2 were prepared by liquid phase exfoliation and were embedded over high surface area hydrogen exfoliated graphene (HEG) by a simple technique. The MoSe2/HEG hybrid composite exhibits fast heterogeneous electron-transfer (HET) and a high electrochemically active surface area compared to only HEG. When employed for detection of NADH, it exhibits electrooxidation at a low potential of 150 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) with high sensitivity of 0.0814 µA⋅µM-1⋅cm2 over a wide linear range (1–280 μM), good selectivity, and a low limit of detection (1 μM). The good performance of the composite is due to the homogeneously dispersed 2D sheets of MoSe2 over large-surface area HEG, which retain its electrochemical activity, prevents restacking, and acts as an electron transfer channel. On the basis of the above analytical requirements and its easy synthesis, the hybrid composite represents a robust material for electrochemical sensing.

Graphical abstract

Schematic of the 2D MoSe2/HEG composite for electrochemical detection of NADH.

Keywords

Dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide Transition metal dichalcogenides Two-dimensional materials Hydrogen exfoliated graphene Heterogeneous electron-transfer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Research reported in this publication is supported by funding from Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India through Inspire faculty award (Grant No. 04/2015/002660). Authors would like to thank Central Instrumentation Facility, CSIR-CECRI for XPS, XRD, Raman and HRTEM measurements.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_2946_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1915 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrodics and Electrocatalysis (EEC) Biosensor DivisionCSIR- Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CSIR-CECRI)KaraikudiIndia

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