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Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 4821–4833 | Cite as

On the Residual Strength of Rocks and Rockmasses

  • G. WaltonEmail author
  • D. Labrie
  • L. R. Alejano
Technical Note
  • 419 Downloads

Introduction

The design and construction of structures in rock depend heavily on knowledge of rock strength and deformation characteristics (Cai et al. 2007). A commonly adopted method for assessing these characteristics is to utilize standard laboratory tests, including triaxial compression tests (ASTM 2015). Since the development of stiff servo-controlled testing machines and procedures in the 1960s and 1970s (see, for example, Cook 1965; Rummel and Fairhurst 1970; Wawersik and Brace 1971; Hudson et al. 1971), such tests have been capable of maintaining stability beyond peak strength and recording post-peak material parameters (Brady and Brown 1985).

Generally speaking, the stress–strain behaviour of rocks as observed in compression tests can be separated into four phases: (1) pre-yield, where behaviour is approximately elastic; (2) post-yield but pre-peak, where short term frictional strengthening effects lead to an artificial strain-hardening behaviour; (3) post-peak weakening,...

Keywords

Residual strength Rock friction Triaxial testing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge Luke Weidner for proofreading a version of this paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

G Walton declares that he has no conflict of interest. D. Labrie declares that he has no conflict of interest. L. Alejano declares that he has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Natural Resources CanadaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.University of VigoVigoSpain

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