Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 4799–4806 | Cite as

Digital 3D Rocks: A Collaborative Benchmark for Learning Rocks Recognition

  • Adrián RiquelmeEmail author
  • Miguel Cano
  • Roberto Tomás
  • Luis Jordá
  • José Luis Pastor
  • David Benavente
Technical Note


Civil, petroleum, mining and geological engineers, scientists such as geologists, geophysicist and environmentalist, architects and professionals require knowing the main properties or rocks. Although, field and laboratory tests provide these properties, in some occasions, it is needed, in terms of economy and time, a faster and prior classification. The sense of sight allows us to learn about the surrounding environment, permitting the assimilation of information from the surroundings, and makes up about 70% of objects perception (Schroeder 1996). Therefore, the simple naked-eye recognition of rocks allows their classification, providing precious information about them. Naked-eye recognition of rocks is a mandatory part in civil engineering and architecture professional practice, at least in the preliminary stages of a construction project.

Many authors have published a considerable amount of articles and books on the field of naked-eye recognition of rocks (Goodman 1989;...


Geology Remote sensing Computer graphics 



This work was partially funded by the University of Alicante (vigrob-157 Project, GRE14-4, GRE15-19 and GRE17-011 Projects), the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) and EU FEDER under Projects TIN2014-55413-C2-2-P and TEC2017-85244-C2-1-P. Authors thank Ignacio Pérez-Rey and Leandro Alejano for the description of some samples. Finally, we acknowledge Mrs. Sophie Krzesniak for the English language revision and correction of this manuscript.

Author contributions

AR scanned most of the rocks, programmed the website and wrote and supervised the manuscript. RT described part of the rock specimens, wrote and revised the manuscript along with the website. MC described part of the rock specimens, wrote and revised the manuscript along with the website and created the behavioural datasheet and collected most of the mechanical values of the rock samples. LJ scanned part of the rock specimens and described them, wrote and revised the manuscript along with the website. DB revised all the definitions of the rocks, wrote and revised the manuscript. JLP described part of the rock specimens, wrote and revised the manuscript along with the website.

Supplementary material

603_2019_1843_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (160 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 160 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería CivilUniversidad de AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Geológico y Minero de EspañaMadridSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio AmbienteUniversidad de AlicanteMadridSpain

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