Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 4527–4545 | Cite as

A Case Study on the Asymmetric Deformation Characteristics and Mechanical Behavior of Deep-Buried Tunnel in Phyllite

  • Ziquan Chen
  • Chuan He
  • Guowen XuEmail author
  • Gaoyu Ma
  • Di Wu
Original Paper


When tunneling through deep-buried layered soft strata, asymmetric deformation of surrounding rock and asymmetric mechanical behavior of supporting structures are often encountered. This paper investigates the anisotropic mechanical properties of deep-buried carbonaceous phyllite and its influence on the asymmetrical mechanical behavior of supporting structures in the Zhegu mountain tunnel in Sichuan Province, China. It is a typical road tunnel that suffered from large asymmetrical deformation and cracking of the secondary lining due to layered strata and high geo-stresses. Firstly, experimental tests were conducted to investigate the influence of bedding angle on the mechanical properties and failure behavior of phyllite. Then, the UDEC numerical software was adopted to study the effects of the lateral pressure coefficient, rock layer inclination angle, bedding spacing and shear stress on the mechanical behavior of supporting structures. Moreover, a field test was conducted to measure the pressure between the surrounding rock and the primary support as well as the internal force of the steel arch and the secondary lining. Based on the field data and numerical simulation results, it can be concluded that the asymmetrical deformations of surrounding rock and the cracking of secondary lining in the Zhegu mountain tunnel were results of the coupling effect of layered soft rock and shearing action along the foliation.


Anisotropy Carbonaceous phyllite Asymmetric deformation Mechanical behavior 

List of Symbols


Bedding angle


Inclination of maximum principal stress


Shear stress


Bedding spacing


Lateral pressure coefficient


Peak strength


Major principal stress


Confining pressure



This research was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFC0802210) and 2017 Doctoral Innovation Fund Program of Southwest Jiaotong University. The insightful and constructive comments provided by the reviewers are greatly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel EngineeringMinistry of Education, Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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