Evolution of Local Mine Stiffness with Mining Process: Insight from Physical and Numerical Modeling

  • Fuqiang GaoEmail author
  • Hongpu Kang
  • Jinfu Lou
  • Jianzhong Li
  • Xiaoqing Wang
Original Paper


It is well known that local mine stiffness (LMS) plays a role in the violent failure of a pillar prone to strainburst. Very limited laboratory experiments have been carried out to simulate bursts caused by a gradual decrease in the local mine stiffness resulting from excavation. In this study, an experimental study is performed aiming to provide insight into the coal burst caused by a decrease in the LMS. Coal bursts were produced using a physical model in which excavation was performed stage by stage to produce a gradual decrease in the LMS. A numerical study was then carried out to study the evolution of the LMS with excavations. The effect of pillar strength, immediate roof stiffness, and excavation sequence was examined using the numerical model. The result suggests that the LMS at a given condition depends on a combination of various factors including pillar strength, pillar stiffness, host rock stiffness, etc. The interaction between these factors may play a key role in the LMS. It is also found that mining and excavation at the far field (e.g., mining at the adjacent panel) may not cause a great decrease in the LMS and thus is less likely to produce coal bursts at distant coal pillar. Great concern should be paid when mining and excavation activities are carried out at the current panel.


Coal bursts Local mine stiffness Physical modeling Numerical modeling 



This work has been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51774185) and the Tiandi Science & Technology funding (Grant No. KJ-2015-TDKC-06). The author would like to thank their colleagues for their assistance during the physical modeling.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuqiang Gao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hongpu Kang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jinfu Lou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianzhong Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoqing Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Mining and Designing BranchChina Coal Research InstituteBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Coal Mining and Clean UtilizationChina Coal Research InstituteBeijingChina

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