Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 47–59 | Cite as

Fracturing of Migmatite Monitored by Acoustic Emission and Ultrasonic Sounding

  • M. PetružálekEmail author
  • T. Lokajíček
  • T. Svitek
  • Z. Jechumtálová
  • P. Kolář
  • J. Šílený
Original Paper


Here, we present an experimental study of the fracturing of anisotropic migmatite with plane-parallel structure (foliation). Four specimens, with different dips of foliation, including subhorizontal (13°), subvertical (86°), and oblique (47°, 67°), were uniaxially loaded up to failure. Acoustic emission monitoring and ultrasonic sounding were applied for fracturing characterization. In case of subhorizontal and subvertical foliation, the tensile source type played an important role before reaching nucleation stress when shearing became dominant. The dominance of non-tension microcracking was characteristic for oblique foliation. The uniaxial loading of migmatite resulted in triaxial stress state regardless of the foliation dip. The minimum stress axis was in the subhorizontal direction of the foliation dip. The triaxial stress state caused the preferential orientation of induced shear and tension microcracks that had the same azimuthal orientation as the foliation. Preferential microcracking resulted in preferential orientation of the failure plane. Based on the anisotropic behavior of migmatite’s characteristic mechanical properties, as well as its mechanism of failure that is typical for anisotropic rocks, the obtained conclusions may be generalized for other types of metamorphic anisotropic rocks with a plane-parallel structure.


Fracturing Anisotropy Source mechanism Acoustic emission Ultrasonic sounding 



Acoustic emission


Crack damage threshold


Crack initiation threshold


Fault plane nucleation


Moment tensor


Uniaxial compressive strength


Ultrasonic sounding



Our study was partly supported by research project 16-03950S with funding provided by the Czech Science Foundation, and by Czech Academy of Sciences project RVO 67985831.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeologyThe Czech Academy of SciencesPrague 6-SuchdolCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of GeophysicsThe Czech Academy of SciencesPrague 4-SpořilovCzech Republic
  3. 3.Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePrague 2Czech Republic

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