Fracturing of Migmatite Monitored by Acoustic Emission and Ultrasonic Sounding
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Here, we present an experimental study of the fracturing of anisotropic migmatite with plane-parallel structure (foliation). Four specimens, with different dips of foliation, including subhorizontal (13°), subvertical (86°), and oblique (47°, 67°), were uniaxially loaded up to failure. Acoustic emission monitoring and ultrasonic sounding were applied for fracturing characterization. In case of subhorizontal and subvertical foliation, the tensile source type played an important role before reaching nucleation stress when shearing became dominant. The dominance of non-tension microcracking was characteristic for oblique foliation. The uniaxial loading of migmatite resulted in triaxial stress state regardless of the foliation dip. The minimum stress axis was in the subhorizontal direction of the foliation dip. The triaxial stress state caused the preferential orientation of induced shear and tension microcracks that had the same azimuthal orientation as the foliation. Preferential microcracking resulted in preferential orientation of the failure plane. Based on the anisotropic behavior of migmatite’s characteristic mechanical properties, as well as its mechanism of failure that is typical for anisotropic rocks, the obtained conclusions may be generalized for other types of metamorphic anisotropic rocks with a plane-parallel structure.
KeywordsFracturing Anisotropy Source mechanism Acoustic emission Ultrasonic sounding
Crack damage threshold
Crack initiation threshold
Fault plane nucleation
Uniaxial compressive strength
Our study was partly supported by research project 16-03950S with funding provided by the Czech Science Foundation, and by Czech Academy of Sciences project RVO 67985831.
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