The protective effect of epigallocatechin 3-gallate on mouse pancreatic islets via the Nrf2 pathway
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Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG), a green tea polyphenol, has been shown to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanism of EGCG on isolated pancreatic islets as pre-conditioning for pancreatic islet transplantation.
The pancreatic islets were divided into two groups: an islet culture medium group (control) and an islet culture medium with EGCG (100 µM) group. We investigated the islet viability, Nrf2 expression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA. Five hundred islet equivalents after 12 h of culture for the EGCG 100 µM and control group were transplanted under the kidney capsule of streptozotocin-induced diabetic ICR mice.
The cell viability and insulin secretion ability in the EGCG group were preserved, and the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 was increased in the EGCG group (p < 0.01). While the HO-1 mRNA levels were also higher in the EGCG group than in the control group (p < 0.05), the ROS production was lower (p < 0.01). An in vivo functional assessment showed that the blood glucose level had decreased in the EGCG group after transplantation (p < 0.01).
EGCG protects the viability and function of islets by suppressing ROS production via the Nrf2 pathway.
KeywordsEpigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) Islet transplantation Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production Pre-conditioning
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors have no conflicts of interest.
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